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Table 4 Gender analysis of torture methods. Summary of significant results

From: Beyond torture checklists: an exploratory study of the reliability and construct validity of the Torturing Environment Scale (TES)

Male Female
Dry asphyxia (“bolsa”)**
Wet asphyxia (“Submarino”)*
Blunt trauma (punches, kicks, slaps)*
Exhaustion exercises (push-ups, etc.)**
Harsh environment of interrogation*
Sensory deprivation / blindfolding*
Unsurmountable fears / phobias*
Humiliation related to sexual identity (i.e. forced nakedness)**
Manipulation of affect*
  1. *p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01