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Table 3 Torturing Environment Blocks by Gender (N = 201)

From: Beyond torture checklists: an exploratory study of the reliability and construct validity of the Torturing Environment Scale (TES)

Blocks median (IQR) Men
(N = 159)
Women
(N = 42)
Standardised Test Statistic Effect Size Estimate (rab)
Context Manipulation 7 (5–9) 7.5 (4–10) 0.463 0.033
Threats-Fear 7 (5–9) 7.5 (5–10) 0.604 0.043
Pain 8 (4–10) 6 (2–8) −2.798** 0.197
Extreme Pain 0 (0–0) 0 (0–0) −1.052 0.074
Sexual integrity 0 (0–4) 3 (0–8) 2.261* 0.159
Need to belong 4 (4–6) 4 (4–4) 0,006 0.001
Identity, Meaning 4 (2–6) 6 (4–8) 2.423* 0.171
Coercive Interrogation 10 (8–12) 9 (4–12) −0.734 0.052
PPT-Manipulation 4.5 (3.5–5.5) 4.75 (3–6) 0.033 0.002
PPT-Physical 2.6 (1.7–3.7) 2.2 (0.5–3) −2.539* 0.179
PPT-Psychological 4 (3–4.6) 4.1 (2.6–5.6) 0.759 0.054
  1. *p-value < 0.05, **p < 0.01