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Table 1 Prescribed analgesics according to four SF-36 bodily pain levels (groups I–IV)

From: Analgesic purchases among older adults – a population-based study

Pain group I
N (%)
II
N (%)
III
N (%)
IV
N (%)
P-value*
ALL PARTICIPANTS
 Number 244 382 478 316  
 Level 1 analgesics 225 (92) 323 (85) 392 (82) 234 (74) < 0.001
  NSAID 200 (91) 303 (80) 375 (78) 222 (70) < 0.001
  Paracetamol 151 (62) 185 (48) 162 (34) 85 (27) < 0.001
 Level 2–3 analgesics 127 (52) 133 (35) 127 (27) 73 (23) < 0.001
  Mild opioid 123 (50) 131 (34) 124 (26) 71 (22) < 0.001
  Intermediate/strong opioid 24 (10) 9 (2) 5 (1) 4 (1) < 0.001
 Neuropathic pain medication
  Gabapentinoid 42 (17) 34 (9) 23 (5) 13 (4) < 0.001
  Tricyclic antidepressant 16 (7) 15 (4) 14 (3) 5 (2) < 0.001
AGE 62–66 YEARS
 Number 71 163 224 145  
 Level 1 analgesics 66 (93) 133 (82) 177 (79) 110 (76) < 0.001
  NSAID 66 (93) 129 (79) 176 (79) 109 (75) < 0.001
  Paracetamol 35 (49) 58 (36) 56 (25) 32 (22) < 0.001
 Level 2–3 analgesics 41 (58) 51 (31) 60 (27) 31 (21) < 0.001
  Mild opioid 40 (56) 50 (31) 59 (26) 29 (20) < 0.001
  Intermediate/strong opioid 4 (6) 2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (1) < 0.001
 Neuropathic pain medication
  Gabapentinoid 12 (17) 10 (6) 14 (6) 5 (3) < 0.001
  Tricyclic antidepressant 7 (10) 7 (4) 9 (4) 0 (0) 0.016
AGE 72–76 YEARS
 Number 112 150 197 129  
 Level 1 analgesics 102 (91) 132 (88) 168 (85) 92 (71) < 0.001
  NSAID 99 (88) 123 (82) 158 (80) 86 (67) < 0.001
  Paracetamol 75 (67) 83 (55) 79 (40) 33 (26) < 0.001
 Level 2–3 analgesics 56 (50) 56 (37) 51 (26) 34 (26) < 0.001
  Mild opioid 54 (48) 56 (37) 49 (25) 34 (26) < 0.001
  Intermediate/strong opioid 12 (11) 5 (3) 3 (2) 1 (1) < 0.001
 Neuropathic pain medication
  Gabapentinoid 20 (18) 17 (11) 8 (4) 4 (3) < 0.001
  Tricyclic antidepressant 6 (5) 5 (3) 3 (2) 5 (4) 0.023
AGE 82–86 YEARS
 Number 61 69 57 42 *
 Level 1 analgesics 57 (93) 58 (84) 47 (82) 32 (76) < 0.001
  NSAID 56 (92) 54 (78) 41 (72) 27 (64) < 0.001
  Paracetamol 41 (67) 44 (64) 27 (47) 20 (48) < 0.001
 Level 2–3 analgesics 30 (49) 26 (38) 16 (28) 8 (19) < 0.001
  Mild opioid 29 (48) 25 (36) 16 (28) 8 (19) < 0.001
  Intermediate/strong opioid 8 (13) 2 (3) 0 (0) 1 (2) < 0.001
 Neuropathic pain medication
  Gabapentinoid 10 (16) 7 (10) 1 (2) 4 (10) < 0.001
  Tricyclic antidepressant 3 (5) 3 (4) 2 (4) 0 (0) 0.019
  1. *p for linearity. Groups I–IV: group I [0–45, moderate to very severe pain intensity and interference], group II [47.5–70], group III [77.5–90], group IV [100, no pain intensity and interference at all]. Three age groups: 62–66, 72–76, 82–86 years