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Table 5 Factors associated with the level of safety practice (N = 451), 2017, Ethiopia

From: Low levels of knowledge and practice of occupational hazards among flower farm workers in southwest Shewa zone, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional analysis

  Frequency (%) Safety practice
Unstandard coefficient for β (95% CI for β)
Educational level
 No formal education 169 (37.2) 1
 Primary (1–6 grades) 117 (25.9) 2.22 (−0.29,4.73)
 Secondary (7–12 grades) 118 (26.2) 1.32 (−2.73,5.47)
 Diploma and higher 47 (10.7) 1.09 (−3.92,6.12)
Work experience
 < 2 year 210 (46.6) 1
 ≥ 2 years 241 (53.4) −1.53 (−3.84,0.78)
Types of employment
 Temporary 211 (46.8) 1
 Permanent 240 (53.2) 1.10 (−2.61,4.81)
Health and safety training
 No 320 (71.0) −0.32 (−2.41,1.77)
 Yes 131 (29.0) 1
Safety communications/signs at work
 No 400 (88.7) 1
 Yes 51 (11.3) 5.15 (1.81,8.49) **
Provision of comfortable PPE
 No 74 (16.4) 4.59 (2.34,6.86) **
 Yes 377 (83.6) 1
Use of material safety data sheets (MSDS)
 No 286 (63.4) 1
 Yes 165 (36.6) −0.38 (−2.37,1.61)
Regular use of PPE
 No 330 (73.2) 1
 Yes 121 (26.8) 17.53 (13.36,21.71) **
Observe work rules and regulations
 No 237 (52.3) 1
 Yes 214 (47.5) 0.13 (−1.80,2.06)
Presence of supportive supervision and inspection
 No 416 (92.2) 1
 Yes 35 (7.8) 0.34 (−3.01,3.69)
Knowledge of occupational hazards
 No 274 (60.8) 1
 Yes 177 (39.2) 7.29 (3.87,10.73) **
 Constant   34.054 (25.54,42.57) **
  1. Keys: 1 = reference, ** = significant at p < 0.001, * = significant at p < 0.05 and R2Adjusted = 0.683(Shows model fitness (68.3% explained variations by variables in the model and 31.7%Unexplained left)