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Table 3 Linear regression results for wellbeing aged 23 years based on experiences of peer victimisation

From: Peer victimisation during adolescence and its impact on wellbeing in adulthood: a prospective cohort study

   Occasional victimisation† Frequent victimisation††
N Estimate SE P value R Squared Estimate SE P value R Squared
Model 1
 Unadjusted model 3015 −1.04 0.36 < 0.01 0.01 −2.71 0.46 < 0.001 0.01
Model 2 a
 Adjusted for confounders only 1882 0.08 0.45 0.85 0.08 −0.83 0.67 0.21 0.08
Model 3 b
 Adjusted for depression only 2268 −0.74 0.40 < 0.05 0.04 −2.28 0.53 < 0.001 0.04
Model 4 a,b          
 Adjusted for depression and confounders 1486 0.40 0.50 0.42 0.08 −0.53 0.75 0.48 0.08
Model 5 c
 Adjusted for adult victimisation only 2558 −0.90 0.38 < 0.05 0.03 −2.21 0.50 < 0.001 0.03
Model 6 a,c
 Adjusted for adult victimisation and confounders 1631 0.18 0.47 0.71 0.08 −0.44 0.72 0.54 0.08
Model 7 b,c
 Adjusted for adult victimisation and depression 1937 −0.58 0.42 0.17 0.04 −1.94 0.57 < 0.001 0.04
Model 8 a,b,c
 Adjusted for adult victimisation, depression, and confounders 1485 0.55 0.49 0.26 0.10 −0.35 0.74 0.64 0.10
  1. Note:
  2. a Adjustments: children’s individual characteristics (sex, emotional and behavioural problems aged 7, depressive symptoms and bullying perpetration aged 13, employment status and income aged 23) and family characteristics (social class reported by mothers, mother’s education, maternal depression and child exposure to physical or sexual abuse aged 7)
  3. b Adjustments: depression diagnoses from the CIS-R at 18 years
  4. c Adjustments: peer victimisation at 23 years
  5. † Estimates relate to the impact of occasional victimisation on wellbeing aged 23
  6. †† Estimates relate to the impact of frequent victimisation on wellbeing aged 23