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Table 3 Decomposition of change in diarrhea prevalence among under-five children in Ethiopia, from 2000 to 2016

From: Trends and determinants of diarrhea among under-five children in Ethiopia: cross-sectional study: multivariate decomposition and multilevel analysis based on Bayesian approach evidenced by EDHS 2000–2016 data

Diarrhea Coef 95% CI Pct.  
L-CI U-CI
E −.004 −0.016 0.008 2.9  
C −0.13 −0.15 − 0.11 97.1*  
R −0.14 −0.2 − 0.11*   
Variables Characteristics Difference due to characteristics Difference due to coefficient
Coef Pct. Coef Pct.
Residence Urban (ref)     
Rural 0.000 (−0.00.., 0.00) −0.05 − 0.000(− 0.06, 0.6) 0.62
Mothers work status Had work (ref)     
Had no work −0.003 (− 0.01, 0.005) 2.47 − 0.02*(− 0.05,-0.003) 14
Mother’s educational level ` No formal (ref) education    
Primary −0.0001 (− 0.002, 0.002) 0.11 0.002(− 0.004, 0.008) −1.6
Secondary 0.000(0.000, 0.0000) −0.000 0.001(−0.003, 0.006) −3.1
Higher −0.001(− 0.002,0.001) 0.5 − 0.001* (− 0.001, − 0.000) 0.4
Father’s educational level No formal (ref)
education
    
Primary 0.002 (− 0.001, 0.005) −1.3 0.001(− 0.009, 0.01) − 0.7
Secondary −0.0001 (− 0.0006, 0.000) 0.1 0.004(− 0.02, 0.01) − 3.1
Higher 0.000 (− 0.001, 0.0010 − 0.13 0.001(− 0.001, 0.003) −0.63
Family members <=5 (ref)     
> = 6 −0.002 (− 0.005, 0.001) 1.2 0.41*(0.02, 0.06) −30
Number of under-five children <=2 (ref)     
> = 3 − 0.001 (− 0.002, 0.000) 0.47 − 0.005(− 0.011, 0.002) 3.7
Sex of household head Male (ref)     
Female 0.0003 (−0.000, 0.001) −0.22 − 0.004(− 0.1, 0.003) 2.6
Media exposure Yes (ref)     
No 0.001(−0.008, 0.003) − 0.87 − 0.02(− 0.07, 0.03) 16.7
Water source Improved (ref)     
Not improved 0.000 (− 0.004, 0.004) − 0.005 0.04(− 0.017, 0.046) −10.4
Constant     −0.15* (− 0.23, − 0.06) 106.1
  1. (* = significant at 5% level of significance), (Coef = coefficient),(CI = confidence Interval),(L-CI = lower confidence interval),(U-CI = upper confidence interval), (Pct = percent), (E = Difference due to characteristics), (C = Difference due to coefficient), (R = over all difference)