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Table 2 Logistic regression model of association between socio-economic characteristics and Domestic Violence among reproductive women aged 15–49 in Zimbabwe, 2015

From: Domestic violence among married women of reproductive age in Zimbabwe: a cross sectional study

VariableCrudeAdjusted
ORCI (95%)pAORCI (95%)p
Agea(Ref = 15–19)
 20–291.01(0.76–1.35)0.9280.79(0.45–1.39)0.413
 30–390.91(0.68–1.21)0.5060.65(0.36–1.17)0.151
 40–490.64(0.47–0.87)0.0050.44(0.24–0.83)0.011
Residence (Ref = Urban)
 Rural1(0.89–1.13)0.9490.85(0.63–1.15)0.294
Highest education level (Ref = No Education)
 Primary1.08(0.62–1.88)0.7740.87(0.34–2.23)0.773
 Secondary1.03(0.60–1.78)0.9040.94(0.37–2.42)0.903
 Higher0.56(0.31–1.01)0.0550.66(0.24–1.79)0.415
Wealth indexa(Ref = Poorest)
 Middle0.98(0.81–1.17)0.7880.99(0.73–1.33)0.934
 Rich0.9(0.79–1.03)0.1340.78(0.55–1.12)0.176
Religiona(Ref = No religion)
 Christians0.55(0.43–0.72)< 0.0010.67(0.43–1.05)0.08
 Muslim0.65(0.21–2.00)0.4570.76(0.13–4.39)0.764
 Traditional0.23(0.09–0.59)0.0020.4(0.10–1.52)0.177
 Others0.19(0.02–1.73)0.141
Smokinga(Ref = No)
 Yes1.49(0.61–3.68)3.3830.94(0.29–3.04)0.923
Respondent currently working (Ref = No)
 Yes1.8(1.49–2.19)< 0.0011.27(1.00–1.61)0.047
Respondent drinking alcohol (Ref = No)
 Yes1.8(1.49–2.19)< 0.0011.45(1.09–1.92)0.001
Husband/partner’s educational level (Ref = No education)
 Primary1.42(0.82–2.44)0.2071.57(0.52–4.72)0.421
 secondary1.29(0.76–2.21)0.3421.39(0.47–4.13)0.555
 Higher0.82(0.47–1.43)0.4841.07(0.35–3.30)0.907
 Don’t know1.5(0.71–3.19)0.2911.4(0.37–5.34)0.618
Partners occupationa(Ref = Not working)
 Agricultural1.44(1.14–1.82)0.0020.98(0.65–1.48)0.919
 Non Agricultural1.12(0.94–1.34)0.1880.88(0.62–1.26)0.5
Women empowermenta(Ref = No)
 Yes0.83(0.34–2.00)0.6750.71(0.28–1.76)0.456
Father beat mother (Ref = No)
 Yes1.91(1.69–2.17)< 0.0011.77(1.47–2.14)< 0.001
Paritya(Ref = None)
 1–21.3(0.96–1.75)0.0861.29(0.80–2.09)0.295
 3–41.33(0.98–1.79)0.0641.53(0.93–2.50)0.093
 5+1.36(0.98–1.90)0.0681.82(1.03–3.22)0.038
Media exposurea(Ref = No)
 Yes1.2(1.03–1.38)0.0151.28(0.97–1.69)0.087
Partners drinking alcohol (Ref = No)
 Yes2.14(1.90–2.42)< 0.0012.12(1.76–2.55)< 0.001
Age differencea(Ref = women same age or older than man)
 Man older by 5 years1.15(0.91–1.47)0.2121.36(0.95–1.95)0.212
 Man older by 10 years1.09(0.85–1.39)0.5141.25(0.86–1.81)0.244
 Man older by more than 10 years1.04(0.80–1.36)0.7651.1(0.73–1.65)0.642
Number of other Wivesa(Ref = monogamy)
 Polygamy1.63(1.33–2.01)< 0.0011.94(1.42–2.65)< 0.001
  1. aRe-categorized
  2. OR refers to Odd Ratio; AOR refers to Adjusted Odd Ratio; CI refers Confidence Interval and p refers to the p-value at p = 0.05