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Table 1 Characteristics of men who have sex with men by sustained viral load suppression, 2017 (n = 3386)

From: Sustained HIV viral suppression among men who have sex with men in the Miami-Dade County Ryan White Program: the effect of demographic, psychosocial, provider and neighborhood factors

  Total Sustained viral load suppression P-valuea
No, n (%) Yes, n (%)
Demographic characteristics
Age group (years) < 0.0001
 18–24 191 51 (26.7) 140 (73.3)  
 25–34 817 163 (20.0) 654 (80.0)  
 35–49 1292 183 (14.2) 1109 (85.8)  
 50+ 1086 132 (12.2) 954 (87.8)  
Race < 0.0001
 Black 446 141 (31.6) 305 (68.4)  
 Hispanic 2630 348 (13.2) 2282 (86.8)  
 White 310 40 (12.9) 270 (87.1)  
Birth region < 0.0001
 United States 847 194 (22.9) 653 (77.1)  
 Mexico/Central America 342 58 (17.0) 284 (83.0)  
 Caribbean 1348 186 (13.8) 1162 (86.2)  
 South America 765 80 (10.5) 685 (89.5)  
 Other 84 11 (13.1) 73 (86.9)  
Mainland US Born < 0.0001
 Yes (excludes Puerto Rico, US Virgin Island and other US territories) 847 194 (22.9) 653 (77.1)  
 No 2539 335 (13.2) 2204 (86.8)  
Preferred language < 0.0001
 English 1239 255 (20.6) 984 (79.4)  
 Spanish 2081 261 (12.5) 1820 (87.5)  
 Other 66 13 (19.7) 53 (80.3)  
Health care environment characteristics
Number of Ryan White clients that client’s physician cares for < 0.0001
 1–9 72 6 (8.3) 66 (91.7)  
 10–29 97 16 (16.5) 81 (83.5)  
 30–99 537 113 (21.0) 424 (79.0)  
 100–199 910 138 (15.2) 772 (84.8)  
 200+ 1585 212 (13.4) 1373 (86.6)  
 Unknown 185 44 (26.8) 141 (76.2)  
Enrolled in the Affordable Care Act health insurance exchange < 0.0001
 Yes 643 53 (8.2) 590 (91.8)  
 No 2743 476 (17.4) 2267 (82.6)  
HIV/AIDS-related health status
AIDS symptoms (current) < 0.0001
 Yes 36 19 (52.8) 17 (47.2)  
 No 3350 510 (15.2) 2840 (84.8)  
Diagnosis of AIDS (history) < 0.0001
 Yes 1021 208 (20.4) 813 (79.6)  
 No 2365 321 (13.6) 2044 (86.4)  
Factors in substance use index
 Mean (SD) −0.02 (0.96) 0.34 (1.44) −0.09 (0.82)  
 Median (IQR) −0.33 (0) −0.33 (0.74) − 0.33 (0) < 0.0001
Alcohol use < 0.0001
 Used alcohol in the last 12 months 418 110 (26.3) 308 (73.7)  
 Did not use alcohol in last 12 months 2968 419 (14.1) 2549 (85.9)  
Drug use < 0.0001
 Used drugs in the last 12 months 235 85 (36.2) 150 (63.8)  
 Did not use drugs in the last 12 months 3151 444 (14.1) 2707 (85.9)  
Drug use resulted in problems with daily activities/legal issue/hazardous situation < 0.0001
 Yes 56 29 (51.8) 27 (48.2)  
 No 3330 500 (15.0) 2830 (85.0)  
Drug use affected adherence < 0.0001
 Yes 172 57 (33.1) 115 (66.9)  
 No 3214 472 (14.7) 2742 (85.3)  
Factors in mental health index
 Mean (SD) −0.01 (0.99) 0.33 (1.26) −0.08 (0.91)  
 Median (IQR) −0.49 (0) − 0.49 (1.24) − 0.49 (0) < 0.0001
Feeling depressed or anxious < 0.0001
 Yes 488 130 (26.6) 358 (73.4)  
 No 2898 399 (13.8) 2499 (86.2)  
Having difficulty sleeping < 0.0001
 Yes 359 99 (27.6) 260 (72.4)  
 No 3027 430 (14.2) 2597 (85.8)  
Receives or needs mental health services < 0.0001
 Yes 486 132 (27.2) 354 (72.8)  
 No 2900 397 (13.7) 2503 (86.3)  
Factors in housing and transportation index
 Mean (SD) −0.01 (0.99) 0.38 (1.49) −0.08 (0.84)  
 Median (IQR) −0.32 (0) − 0.32 (0) −0.32 (0) < 0.0001
Homeless < 0.0001
 Yes 133 51 (38.4) 82 (61.7)  
 No 3253 478 (14.7) 2775 (85.3)  
Client needs help with transportation to appointments < 0.0001
 Yes 230 77 (33.5) 153 (66.5)  
 No 3156 452 (14.3) 2704 (85.7)  
Factors in household structure index
 Mean (SD) 0.01 (1.03) −0.06 (0.68) 0.02 (1.08)  
 Median (IQR) −0.21 (0) − 0.21 (0) −0.21 (0) 0.0805
Household size 0.2042b
 One 3071 492 (16.1) 2579 (84.0)  
 Two 264 30 (11.4) 234 (88.6)  
 Three 38 6 (15.8) 32 (84.2)  
 Four or more 13 1 (7.7) 12 (92.3)  
Number of minors in household 0.3747b
 None 3315 519 (15.7) 2796 (84.3)  
 One 54 9 (16.7) 45 (83.3)  
 Two 13 0 (0.0) 13 (100.0)  
 Three or more 4 1 (25.0) 3 (75.0)  
Lives with minor only 0.5987b
 Yes 6 0 (0.0) 6 (100.0)  
 No 3380 529 (15.7) 2851 (84.4)  
Factors in unemployment index
 Mean (SD) −0.02 (0.99) 0.19 (1.01) −0.06 (0.98)  
 Median (IQR) −0.56 (1.28) − 0.56 (1.28) −0.56 (1.28) < 0.0001
Disability that prevents working 0.5154
 Yes 246 42 (17.1) 204 (82.9)  
 No 3140 487 (15.5) 2653 (84.5)  
Unemployed <.0001
 Yes 994 237 (23.8) 757 (76.2)  
 No 2392 292 (12.2) 2100 (87.8)  
Factors in food insecurity and low social support index
 Mean (SD) −0.008 (0.99) 0.12 (1.24) −0.03 (0.93)  
 Median (IQR) −0.41 (0) −0.41 (0) − 0.41 (0) 0.0578
Client does not have social support system 0.1721
 Yes 626 109 (17.4) 517 (82.6)  
 No 2760 420 (15.2) 2340 (84.8)  
Client not getting food he needs 0.0009
 Yes 53 17 (32.1) 36 (67.9)  
 No 3333 512 (15.4) 2821 (84.6)  
Neighborhood deprivation index
 Mean (SD) 0.34 (0.86) 0.51 (0.90) 0.31 (0.85)  
 Median (IQR) 0.15 (1.25) 0.34 (1.56) 0.15 (1.12) < 0.0001
Neighborhood residential instability and crime index
 Mean (SD) 0.52 (1.07) 0.60 (1.01) 0.50 (1.08)  
Median (IQR) 0.41 (1.71) 0.65 (1.61) 0.41 (1.74) 0.0315
  1. AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome, US United States, SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range
  2. a Chi-square test p-value; b Fisher’s test p-value