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Table 3 Intervention components

From: Evidence, theory and context: using intervention mapping in the development of a community-based self-management program for chronic low back pain in a rural African primary care setting - the good back program

Intervention components: BCTs and procedures
Intervention phases/materialsTheory-based behaviour change methodsDelivery informed byBehavior Change Techniques (BCTs)- labelled from the Behavior Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniquesIntervention format
Face to face, group exercise sessions, group + individual discussion sessions
Intervention provider
Physiotherapist trained in behaviour change techniques
Duration of intervention
6 weeks
Frequency of intervention
One per week
Context within which intervention was delivered
Rural primary health care centre
Education/
Patient and Physiotherapist booklets
MIMIShaping knowledge (instruction on how to perform a behaviour, re-attribution),
Natural consequences (Information about health consequences)
 
Mapping of existing illness perceptions/
Physiotherapist booklet
Improving physical and emotional statesCBTNatural consequences (Monitoring of emotional consequences - by self
Monitoring of functional consequencesa - by self)
Challenging maladaptive illness perceptions/
Physiotherapist booklet
Improving physical and emotional statesCBTNatural consequences (Information about emotional consequences
Information about functional consequencesa
Formulation of alternative illness perceptions and associated behaviours/
Patient and Physiotherapist booklets
Improving physical and emotional statesCBTNatural consequences (Information about emotional consequences)
Self-belief
(Verbal persuasion about capability),
Natural consequences (Information about functional consequences)a
Practising the alternative (desired) behaviour (exercises and good posture) in a supervised session/
Patient and Physiotherapist booklets
Guided practice,
Goal setting
MIShaping Knowledge
(Instruction on how to perform a behaviour),
Self-belief
(Verbal persuasion about capability),
Repetition and substitution
(Behavioural practice/rehearsal,
Habit formation)
Testing of alternative illness perceptions and associated behaviours/
Patient booklet
Guided practice,
Self-monitoring of behaviour,
Set graded tasks,
Planning coping responses
CBTShaping knowledge behavioural experiments)
Social support
Social support (unspecified),
Antecedents
(Restructuring the social environment,
Restructuring the physical environment)
Feedback and monitoring
(Self-monitoring of behaviour,
Self-monitoring of outcome(s) of behaviour)
  1. MI Motivational interviewing, CBT Cognitive behavioural therapy
  2. aabsent in the 93 BCT