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Table 1 Demographics, socioeconomic, smoking habits, and lifestyle characteristics distribution of our study participants (N = 352) in Beirut, Lebanon between December 2018 and March 2019

From: Knowledge and attitudes towards E-cigarette use in Lebanon and their associated factors

 No.Valid %
Age (Mean ± SD)30.29 ± 11.78 
Level of education
 Bachelor’s degree15644.3
 Graduate school10028.4
 High school level or equivalent5214.8
 Intermediate level or below339.4
 Technical /vocational study72.0
 No schooling completed41.1
Is your occupation or major health related?  
Smoking Habits
Do you currently smoke?
 No (non-smokers)15143.0
 Quit/quitting smoking3810.8
If you smoke, what do you smoke? (Circle all that apply)
What form of smoking did you quit/are you quitting? (Circle all that apply)
What methods of smoking cessation have you used/are you using? (Circle all that apply)
 Reducing number of cigarettes per day3942.8
 Behavioral therapy55.5
 Nicotine patches33.3
 Nicotine gum11.1
Have you ever thought of quitting smoking?
Lifestyle characteristicsa
Do you exercise regularly?
Do you believe you follow a healthy diet?
Do you drink alcohol?
Do you drink coffee?
  1. aHookah or waterpipe: “a smoking device that consists of a bowl mounted on a vessel of water which is provided with a long tube and arranged so that smoke is drawn through the water where it is cooled and up the tube to the mouth” [38]
  2. bDokha: is tobacco blended with “barks, herbs, spices, dried flowers or dried fruit” and smoked in a particular pipe called “midwakh”. It has a high nicotine content, around five times that of a normal cigarette [39]
  3. cPipe: “a device for smoking usually consisting of a tube having a bowl at one end and a mouthpiece at the other” [40]
  4. dThe study did not provide standard definitions for “exercise regularly”, “healthy diet”, “drink alcohol”, or “drink coffee”; the participants answered these questions based on their subjective interpretation of these terms