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Table 1 Demographics, socioeconomic, smoking habits, and lifestyle characteristics distribution of our study participants (N = 352) in Beirut, Lebanon between December 2018 and March 2019

From: Knowledge and attitudes towards E-cigarette use in Lebanon and their associated factors

 No.Valid %
Age (Mean ± SD)30.29 ± 11.78 
Sex
 Male19856.6
 Female15243.4
Level of education
 Bachelor’s degree15644.3
 Graduate school10028.4
 High school level or equivalent5214.8
 Intermediate level or below339.4
 Technical /vocational study72.0
 No schooling completed41.1
Is your occupation or major health related?  
 Yes22878.1
 No6421.9
Smoking Habits
Do you currently smoke?
 Yes16246.2
 No (non-smokers)15143.0
 Quit/quitting smoking3810.8
If you smoke, what do you smoke? (Circle all that apply)
 Cigarettes13752.7
 Hookaha6826.2
 Cigars135
 E-cigarettes3011.5
 Dokhab62.3
 Pipec10.4
 Other51.9
What form of smoking did you quit/are you quitting? (Circle all that apply)
 Cigarettes4458.7
 Hooka2026.7
 Cigars45.3
 Dokha34
 E-cigarettes34
 Pipe00
 Other11.3
What methods of smoking cessation have you used/are you using? (Circle all that apply)
 Reducing number of cigarettes per day3942.8
 E-cigarettes1213.2
 Behavioral therapy55.5
 Nicotine patches33.3
 Medication22.2
 Nicotine gum11.1
 Other2931.9
Have you ever thought of quitting smoking?
 Yes13272.5
 No5027.5
Lifestyle characteristicsa
Do you exercise regularly?
 No19756.0
 Yes15544.0
Do you believe you follow a healthy diet?
 No19154.3
 Yes16145.7
Do you drink alcohol?
 No19555.4
 Yes15744.6
Do you drink coffee?
 Yes28180.5
 No6819.5
  1. aHookah or waterpipe: “a smoking device that consists of a bowl mounted on a vessel of water which is provided with a long tube and arranged so that smoke is drawn through the water where it is cooled and up the tube to the mouth” [38]
  2. bDokha: is tobacco blended with “barks, herbs, spices, dried flowers or dried fruit” and smoked in a particular pipe called “midwakh”. It has a high nicotine content, around five times that of a normal cigarette [39]
  3. cPipe: “a device for smoking usually consisting of a tube having a bowl at one end and a mouthpiece at the other” [40]
  4. dThe study did not provide standard definitions for “exercise regularly”, “healthy diet”, “drink alcohol”, or “drink coffee”; the participants answered these questions based on their subjective interpretation of these terms