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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants by Gender

From: Metabolic syndrome in indigenous communities in Mexico: a descriptive and cross-sectional study

CharacteristicOverallFemalesMalesP-value*
Participants, n (%)2596 (100%)1809 (70%)787 (30%) 
Age, years47.9 ± 16.452.4 ± 16.845.9 ± 15.8< 0.0001
Waist circumference, cm91.4 ± 10.991.0 ± 11.292.0 ± 10.30.03
Triglycerides, mg/dL189.0 ± 108.6185.9 ± 104.3196.3 ± 117.80.003
HDL-C, mg/dL39.5 ± 12.140.1 ± 12.937.9 ± 12.6< 0.0001
Glucose, mg/dL102.9 ± 50.6102.5 ± 51.8103.7 ± 47.6< 0.0001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg126.0 ± 22.5124.3 ± 22.3129.9 ± 22.3< 0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg73.2 ± 12.072.0 ± 11.675.0 ± 12.6< 0.0001
Total cholesterol, mg/dL177.4 ± 39.4177.31 ± 39.4177.5 ± 39.60.949
Body mass index, kg/m227.5 ± 4.927.9 ± 526.4 ± 4.2< 0.0001
Visceral fat, %9.1 ± 3.88.3 ± 3.111 ± 4.7< 0.0001
Body fat, %36.3 ± 10.641.3 ± 7.524.9 ± 7.5< 0.0001
Type 2 diabetes (PD), %13.7 (12.4–15.1)14.3 (12.7–16)12.3 (10.1–14.8)0.186
Hypertension (PD), %13.6 (12.3–15)11.8 (10.4–13.4)17.8 (15.2–20.6)< 0.0001
FDR with diabetes, %21.5 (20–23.2)21.9 (20.1–23.9)20.6 (17.8–23.6)0.597
FDR with hypertension, %26.9 (25.2–28.7)26.6 (24.6–28.7)27.7 (24.6–31)0.729
Alcohol consumption, %13 (11.9–14.2)2 (1.5–2.7)33.4 (30.6–36.3)< 0.0001
Smoking, %7.9 (7–8.8)1.7 (1.2–2.3)20.1 (17.8–22.6)< 0.0001
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or frequency (95% confidence intervals) unless otherwise noted. PD, previous diagnostic; FDR, first-degree relationship.
  2. *Comparison of females and males