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Table 2 Multiple linear regression analyses for predictors of self-reported health status (PCS and MCS at Time 2)

From: Investigating the relationships between social capital, chronic health conditions and health status among Australian adults: findings from an Australian national cohort survey

Parameters DV: PCS (R2 = .635) DV: MCS (R2 = .515)
Unst. (St.) SE p-value Unst. (St.) SE p-value
Gender (reference category: Female)
 Male 0.600 (0.025) .146 <.001 0.771 (0.032) .170 <.001
Age (reference category: 65 and above)
 18 to 24 3.239 (0.087) .257 <.001 −1.938 (−0.051) .370 <.001
 25 to 44 3.191 (0.128) .204 <.001 −1.198 (−0.047) .282 <.001
 45 to 64 1.973 (0.080) .191 <.001 −0.220 (− 0.009) .245 .369
Country of birth (reference category: Australia-born)
 Foreign-born 0.023 (0.001) .177 .896 − 0.082 (− 0.003) .206 .689
Education levels (reference category: Year 11 and below)
 Year 12 and equivalent 0.581 (0.022) .223 .009 −0.359 (− 0.013) .252 .154
 Polytechnic diploma and certificate 0.080 (0.003) .213 .707 −0.538 (− 0.021) .241 .026
 Bachelor degree and above 0.338 (0.010) .255 .186 −0.339 (− 0.010) .304 .265
Smoking status (reference category: No)
 Yes −0.360 (− 0.011) .290 .085 −1.222 (− 0.038) .261 <.001
Drinking status (reference category: No)
 Yes 0.384 (0.012) .212 .070 0.593 (0.018) .248 .017
Physical activity per week (reference category: None)
 1–2 times 1.278 (0.053) .286 <.001 −0.067 (−0.003) .335 .841
 3–6 times 1.473 (0.060) .292 <.001 0.308 (0.012) .341 .367
 Everyday 1.107 (0.030) .349 .002 0.356 (0.009) .390 .361
BMI (reference category: Obese)
 Underweight −0.313 (−0.004) .614 .611 −0.178 (− 0.002) .750 .813
 Normal weight 1.456 (0.060) .199 <.001 0.484 (0.019) .231 .037
 Overweight 1.095 (0.044) .198 <.001 0.192 (0.008) .228 .400
Physical health status (PCS at Time 1) 0.592 (0.585) .012 <.001 0.117 (0.114) .013 <.001
Mental health status (MCS at Time 1) 0.084 (0.083) .010 <.001 0.596 (0.584) .012 <.001
Chronic health condition, impairment and disability (reference category: No)
 Yes −3.539 (−0.134) .224 <.001 −1.719 (−0.064) .254 <.001
Community participation −0.009 (− 0.001) .108 .933 0.153 (0.010) .121 .206
Perceived community cohesion 0.066 (0.006) .088 .449 0.295 (0.026) .103 .004
Neighbourdhood social climate −0.020 (−0.001) .121 .872 −0.461 (− 0.026) .144 .001
Community participation × chronic health conditions −0.270 (− 0.010) .220 .219 0.652 (0.024) .249 .009
Perceived community cohesion × chronic health conditions 0.261 (0.013) .170 .125 0.237 (0.012) .202 .240
  1. Note. Unst. Unstandardised regression weight, St. Standardised regression weight, SE Standard error. Gender, age, country of birth, education, smoking status, drinking status, physical activity, BMI, and chronic health conditions are dummy-coded variables