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Table 4 Socio-economic inequality in access to healthcare, by dimension

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the multiple dimensions of access to healthcare: the case of South Africa

Access dimension C/CCI SE p-value
Healthcare need:
 Self-reported health 0.074 0.020 0.000
 WHODAS score −0.101 0.025 0.000
 Psychological distress −0.041 0.008 0.000
Perceived healthcare need:
 Needed care 0.060 0.026 0.022
Healthcare seeking:
 Household healthcare postponed −0.154 0.013 0.000
Availability:
 Household distance to a healthcare facility 0.210 0.013 0.000
Healthcare reaching:
 Unmet need −0.029 0.008 0.000
Affordability:
 Household difficulty affording cost of care −0.162 0.014 0.000
 Household difficulty affording prescription medicine −0.169 0.014 0.000
Ability to pay:
 Household private medical insurance 0.490 0.011 0.000
Healthcare utilisation:
 Household private care 0.490 0.012 0.000
 Household public care −0.462 0.013 0.000
 Individual private care 0.247 0.026 0.000
 Individual public care −0.231 0.027 0.000
 Overall individual care 0.033 0.029 0.257
Healthcare consequences:
 Healthcare service satisfaction 0.074 0.028 0.008
 Healthcare service provider satisfaction 0.078 0.028 0.006
  1. Note: C Standard concentration index, CCI Erregyer corrected concentration index, SE Standard error, WHODAS score World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule, K10 Kessler Psychological Distress Scale