Skip to main content

Table 3 Health and healthcare outcomes in each access dimension, by wealth quintile

From: Socio-economic inequalities in the multiple dimensions of access to healthcare: the case of South Africa

Access dimension Quintile 1 (%) Quintile 2 (%) Quintile 3 (%) Quintile 4 (%) Quintile 5 (%) F-statistic p-value
Healthcare need:
 Self-reported health 74.52 75.98 75.94 78.47 83.42 20.1 0.000
 WHODAS score 6.10 6.09 5.65 5.00 3.74 20.7 0.000
 Psychological distress 8.48 6.87 8.06 6.92 2.99 21.9 0.000
Perceived healthcare need:
 Needed care 49.00 45.45 46.78 53.72 54.54 12.0 0.000
Healthcare seeking:
 Household healthcare postponed 28.88 26.21 23.22 15.19 10.65 39.4 0.000
Availability:
 Household distance to a healthcare facility 61.75 73.47 80.15 86.53 86.64 73.4 0.000
Healthcare reaching:
 Unmet need 5.55 3.80 2.96 3.26 1.59 7.9 0.000
Affordability:
 Household difficulty affording cost of care 36.45 31.47 29.38 24.32 15.22 36.1 0.000
 Household difficulty affording prescription medicine 34.01 31.83 26.85 22.99 12.61 41.4 0.000
Ability to pay:
 Household private medical insurance 3.01 3.69 10.73 23.50 66.53 683.7 0.000
Healthcare utilisation:
 Household private care 8.01 10.09 16.44 32.75 70.92 513.5 0.000
 Household public care 88.47 88.70 82.29 65.75 30.05 430.1 0.000
 Individual private care 19.85 18.62 25.02 34.30 48.26 153.8 0.000
 Individual public care 52.39 50.36 46.97 42.81 24.18 108.2 0.000
 Overall individual care 59.13 56.73 57.25 60.65 62.18 4.1 0.003
Healthcare consequences:
 Healthcare service satisfaction 70.77 68.34 66.81 68.35 79.91 38.6 0.000
 Healthcare service provider satisfaction 69.25 66.25 66.13 64.20 79.41 49.5 0.000
  1. Note: All estimates are weighted proportions; WHODAS score World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule, K10 Kessler Psychological Distress Scale