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Table 4 Multilevel analysis full model with participants’ sociodemographic and household characteristics, family factors and adherence self-efficacy

From: The role of family factors in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence self-efficacy among HIV-infected adolescents in southern Uganda

  95% Confidence Interval
Variables Coef. Std. Err. P > |z| Lower Upper
 Treatment group −0.673 1.049 0.521 −2.730 1.384
 Gender (female child) 0.492 0.904 0.586 −1.280 2.264
 Age 0.814 0.206 0.000 0.410 1.219
 Primary caregiver (ref: Biological Parent)
  Grandparents 0.675 1.149 0.557 −1.577 2.928
  Other relatives 2.238 1.138 0.049 0.006 4.469
 Orphanhood status (ref: Both parents are alive)
  Single orphan 0.708 1.068 0.507 −1.385 2.800
  Double orphan 1.104 1.387 0.426 −1.615 3.824
 Household composition
  Number of adults −0.156 0.232 0.503 −0.611 0.300
  Number of children 0.249 0.318 0.433 −0.375 0.874
 Enrolled in school 0.079 1.065 0.941 −2.009 2.167
 HIV Status Disclosure (ref: never)
  Sometimes 3.349 0.973 0.001 1.441 5.256
  About half the time 1.301 2.004 0.516 −2.626 5.228
  Most of the time 1.194 1.118 0.286 −0.997 3.385
  Always 4.063 1.042 0.000 2.020 6.106
 HIV medication regimen −0.355 0.598 0.552 −1.527 0.816
 Family cohesion 0.397 0.065 0.000 0.270 0.524
 Perceived child-caregiver support 0.087 0.046 0.056 −0.002 0.177
 Child-caregiver communication 0.118 0.053 0.026 0.014 0.222
 Constant 59.945 4.376 0.000 51.370 68.521
 Wald test: χ2 (19, 702) =177.29, p = 0.000
  95% Confidence Interval
Random-effects Parameters Estimate Std. Err.   Lower Upper
 Variance of Clinic Random Intercept 1.809 2.198   0.167 19.561
 Variance of Child Random Intercept 53.995 7.793   40.691 71.650
 Variance of Residuals 384.261 10.587   364.061 405.581