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Table 4 Multilevel analysis full model with participants’ sociodemographic and household characteristics, family factors and adherence self-efficacy

From: The role of family factors in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence self-efficacy among HIV-infected adolescents in southern Uganda

 95% Confidence Interval
VariablesCoef.Std. Err.P > |z|LowerUpper
 Treatment group−0.6731.0490.521−2.7301.384
 Gender (female child)0.4920.9040.586−1.2802.264
 Age0.8140.2060.0000.4101.219
 Primary caregiver (ref: Biological Parent)
  Grandparents0.6751.1490.557−1.5772.928
  Other relatives2.2381.1380.0490.0064.469
 Orphanhood status (ref: Both parents are alive)
  Single orphan0.7081.0680.507−1.3852.800
  Double orphan1.1041.3870.426−1.6153.824
 Household composition
  Number of adults−0.1560.2320.503−0.6110.300
  Number of children0.2490.3180.433−0.3750.874
 Enrolled in school0.0791.0650.941−2.0092.167
 HIV Status Disclosure (ref: never)
  Sometimes3.3490.9730.0011.4415.256
  About half the time1.3012.0040.516−2.6265.228
  Most of the time1.1941.1180.286−0.9973.385
  Always4.0631.0420.0002.0206.106
 HIV medication regimen−0.3550.5980.552−1.5270.816
 Family cohesion0.3970.0650.0000.2700.524
 Perceived child-caregiver support0.0870.0460.056−0.0020.177
 Child-caregiver communication0.1180.0530.0260.0140.222
 Constant59.9454.3760.00051.37068.521
 Wald test: χ2 (19, 702) =177.29, p = 0.000
 95% Confidence Interval
Random-effects ParametersEstimateStd. Err. LowerUpper
 Variance of Clinic Random Intercept1.8092.198 0.16719.561
 Variance of Child Random Intercept53.9957.793 40.69171.650
 Variance of Residuals384.26110.587 364.061405.581