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Table 1 Baseline analysis of participant’s sociodemographic and household characteristics, family factors and adherence self-efficacy

From: The role of family factors in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence self-efficacy among HIV-infected adolescents in southern Uganda

VariableTotal Sample
% (N = 702)
Control Condition
% (n = 344)
Treatment Condition
% (n = 358)
t test/χ2
Age (mean, SD) (min/max:10–16)12.4 (1.98)12.3 (1.93)12.4 (1.97)0.85
Gender (female child)56.456.156.70.07
Orphanhood status   0.70
 Single orphan38.0438.6638.55 
 Double orphan37.0435.7638.27 
 Non-orphan24.3625.5823.18 
Primary caregiver   0.133
 Biological parent46.2943.6050.00 
 Grand parent(s)27.5630.6330.32 
 Other relatives26.1626.7420.95 
Household composition (mean, SD)
 Total number of people in the household) (min/max: 2–18)5.7 (2.6)5.8 (2.4)5.7 (2.6)0.68
 Total number of children in the household) (min/max:1–14)2.3(1.9)2.4 (1.8)2.3(2.1)0.42
 Enrolled in school (yes)87.32%87.5087.150.89
HIV status disclosure   0.38
 Never32.3431.4033.24 
 Sometimes16.6715.717.60 
 About half the time5.987.274.75 
 Most of the time12.8214.5311.17 
 Always32.1931.1033.24 
HIV medication regimen   0.091
 1 time per day22.826.219.6 
 2 times per day53.652.255.0 
 3 times per day23.521.625.4 
Family support measures (mean, SD)
 Child-caregiver communication (min/=max:10–50)21.1 (7.6)20.8 (7.5)21.4(7.8)0.24
 Family cohesion (min/max:12–40)31.8(6.73)31.43(6.72)32.07(6.74)0.22
 Perceived child-caregiver support (min/max: 18–70)46.5(10.31)46.37(10.42)46.62(10.21)0.75
 Adherence self-efficacy (min/max: 20–120)94.28 (23.25)95.24 (23.5)93.35 (23.01)0.28