Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline analysis of participant’s sociodemographic and household characteristics, family factors and adherence self-efficacy

From: The role of family factors in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence self-efficacy among HIV-infected adolescents in southern Uganda

VariableTotal Sample
% (N = 702)
Control Condition
% (n = 344)
Treatment Condition
% (n = 358)
t test/χ2
Age (mean, SD) (min/max:10–16)12.4 (1.98)12.3 (1.93)12.4 (1.97)0.85
Gender (female child)56.456.156.70.07
Orphanhood status   0.70
 Single orphan38.0438.6638.55 
 Double orphan37.0435.7638.27 
Primary caregiver   0.133
 Biological parent46.2943.6050.00 
 Grand parent(s)27.5630.6330.32 
 Other relatives26.1626.7420.95 
Household composition (mean, SD)
 Total number of people in the household) (min/max: 2–18)5.7 (2.6)5.8 (2.4)5.7 (2.6)0.68
 Total number of children in the household) (min/max:1–14)2.3(1.9)2.4 (1.8)2.3(2.1)0.42
 Enrolled in school (yes)87.32%87.5087.150.89
HIV status disclosure   0.38
 About half the time5.987.274.75 
 Most of the time12.8214.5311.17 
HIV medication regimen   0.091
 1 time per day22.826.219.6 
 2 times per day53.652.255.0 
 3 times per day23.521.625.4 
Family support measures (mean, SD)
 Child-caregiver communication (min/=max:10–50)21.1 (7.6)20.8 (7.5)21.4(7.8)0.24
 Family cohesion (min/max:12–40)31.8(6.73)31.43(6.72)32.07(6.74)0.22
 Perceived child-caregiver support (min/max: 18–70)46.5(10.31)46.37(10.42)46.62(10.21)0.75
 Adherence self-efficacy (min/max: 20–120)94.28 (23.25)95.24 (23.5)93.35 (23.01)0.28