Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline analysis of participant’s sociodemographic and household characteristics, family factors and adherence self-efficacy

From: The role of family factors in antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence self-efficacy among HIV-infected adolescents in southern Uganda

Variable Total Sample
% (N = 702)
Control Condition
% (n = 344)
Treatment Condition
% (n = 358)
t test/χ2
Age (mean, SD) (min/max:10–16) 12.4 (1.98) 12.3 (1.93) 12.4 (1.97) 0.85
Gender (female child) 56.4 56.1 56.7 0.07
Orphanhood status     0.70
 Single orphan 38.04 38.66 38.55  
 Double orphan 37.04 35.76 38.27  
 Non-orphan 24.36 25.58 23.18  
Primary caregiver     0.133
 Biological parent 46.29 43.60 50.00  
 Grand parent(s) 27.56 30.63 30.32  
 Other relatives 26.16 26.74 20.95  
Household composition (mean, SD)
 Total number of people in the household) (min/max: 2–18) 5.7 (2.6) 5.8 (2.4) 5.7 (2.6) 0.68
 Total number of children in the household) (min/max:1–14) 2.3(1.9) 2.4 (1.8) 2.3(2.1) 0.42
 Enrolled in school (yes) 87.32% 87.50 87.15 0.89
HIV status disclosure     0.38
 Never 32.34 31.40 33.24  
 Sometimes 16.67 15.7 17.60  
 About half the time 5.98 7.27 4.75  
 Most of the time 12.82 14.53 11.17  
 Always 32.19 31.10 33.24  
HIV medication regimen     0.091
 1 time per day 22.8 26.2 19.6  
 2 times per day 53.6 52.2 55.0  
 3 times per day 23.5 21.6 25.4  
Family support measures (mean, SD)
 Child-caregiver communication (min/=max:10–50) 21.1 (7.6) 20.8 (7.5) 21.4(7.8) 0.24
 Family cohesion (min/max:12–40) 31.8(6.73) 31.43(6.72) 32.07(6.74) 0.22
 Perceived child-caregiver support (min/max: 18–70) 46.5(10.31) 46.37(10.42) 46.62(10.21) 0.75
 Adherence self-efficacy (min/max: 20–120) 94.28 (23.25) 95.24 (23.5) 93.35 (23.01) 0.28