Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations between disease control status and HDI, travel amount, health workforce and IHR scores

From: Are countries’ self-reported assessments of their capacity for infectious disease control reliable? Associations among countries’ self-reported international health regulation 2005 capacity assessments and infectious disease control outcomes

 Risk of bad Disease control status
20162017
All casesOnly human casesAll casesOnly human cases
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
HDI
 Very High1111
 High2.23 (1.15–4.35)*1.84 (0.91–3.74)4.71 (2.53–8.75)***3.83 (2.00–7.33)***
 Middle-low1.97 (1.00–3.89)2.65 (1.25–5.63)*2.29 (1.24–4.21)**2.96 (1.53–5.75)**
 low1.84 (1.04–3.27)*1.68 (0.87–3.25)3.59 (2.13–6.07)***3.11 (1.75–5.54)***
International travel volume
 Low1111
 High2.19 (1.15–4.19)*1.85 (0.95–3.60)2.97 (1.68–5.25)***2.79 (1.51–5.18)**
Health workforce density
 High1111
 Middle0.72 (0.27–1.92)0.60 (0.19–1.84)2.59 (1.07–6.31)*3.17 (1.18–8.54)*
 Low0.80 (0.41–1.56)0.73 (0.34–1.55)1.55 (0.88–2.74)2.24 (1.19–4.22)*
Total Health Expenditure
 High1111
 Middle2.08 (0.96–4.52)1.78 (0.82–3.88)0.83 (0.43–1.59)0.75 (0.38–1.49)
 Low3.99 (2.18–7.29)***2.84 (1.51–5.35)**2.79 (1.68–4.61)***1.85 (1.08–3.17)*
IHR average scores
 High1111
 Middle1.85 (0.89–3.85)2.05 (0.86–4.89)NA
 Low7.83 (4.10–14.95)***11.16 (5.27–23.61)***2.23 (1.25–3.96)**3.45 (1.79–6.66)***
  1. p < 0.1*, p < 0.05** p < 0.01***