Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparisons of factors between different disease control status

From: Are countries’ self-reported assessments of their capacity for infectious disease control reliable? Associations among countries’ self-reported international health regulation 2005 capacity assessments and infectious disease control outcomes

 Disease control status 
All casesa (N = 907)Only human cases (N = 800)
GoodbNormalInternational alert or bad GoodNormalInternational alert or bad 
n = 492n = 148n = 267 n = 385n = 148n = 267 
n%n%n%Chi-squaren%n%n%Chi-square
HDI
 Very High27656.105235.1410338.58139.23***22257.665235.1410338.58137.183***
 High6914.0264.059334.83 4611.9564.059334.83 
 Middle-low6713.621812.16269.74 5012.991812.16269.74 
 low7916.067248.654516.85 6617.147248.654516.85 
International travel volume
 Low489.765939.866223.2272.34***3910.135939.866223.2260.951***
 High43688.628859.4620376.03 34088.318859.4620376.03 
Health workforce density
 High18337.201610.816524.34142.42***14036.365710.819624.34132.357***
 Middle8116.4642.7010137.83 5714.8142.7010137.83 
 Low11022.368255.416825.47 9624.948255.416825.47 
Total Health Expenditure
 High18337.206241.894014.98172.00***12031.176241.894014.98119.312***
 Middle15932.3242.7014353.56 14637.9242.7014353.56 
 Low14028.468154.737427.72 11429.618154.737427.72 
IHR average scores
 2016
  High16433.3332.035520.6084.88***14136.6232.035520.6084.45***
  Middle10621.545235.1410338.58 7419.225235.1410338.58 
  Low14930.284228.385219.48 12331.954228.385219.48 
 2017
  High31363.6210973.6519271.9124.197***23460.7810973.6519271.9115.177**
  Low15331.103624.326022.47 13835.843624.326022.47 
  1. a including animal and human cases
  2. b good included infectious control level 1 and level 2
  3. p < 0.1*, p < 0.05** p < 0.01***