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Table 3 Results from logistic regression analyses showing odds of reporting one or more factors that would encourage engagement in arts activities amongst individuals who do not engage regularly and have (i) depression, and (ii) anxiety, compared to individuals with neither depression or anxiety

From: Barriers and enablers to engagement in participatory arts activities amongst individuals with depression and anxiety: quantitative analyses using a behaviour change framework

 CAPABILITIESOPPORTUNITIESMOTIVATIONS
PSYCHOLOGICALPHYSICALSOCIALPHYSICALAUTOMATICREFLECTIVE
OR95% CIPPAEOR95% CIPPAEOR95CIPPAEOR95CIPPAEOR95CIPPAEOR95CIPPAE
INDIVIDUALS WHO DO NOT ENGAGE: COMPARING RESPONSES OF THOSE WHO HAVE DEPRESSION (BUT NOT ANXIETY) TO THOSE WHO DO NOT HAVE DEPRESSION
 Basic model1.651.32,2.051.81.39,2.331.431.19,1.711.250.97,1.601.631.20,2.201.411.11,1.79
  + Demographics1.631.31,2.033.08%1.81.39,2.330.00%1.431.19,1.710.00%1.190.92,1.54 1.581.17,2.157.94%1.41.10,1.782.44%
  + SES1.591.28,1.989.23%1.751.35,2.276.25%1.391.16,1.669.30%1.090.84,1.41 1.61.18,2.184.76%1.371.07,1.749.76%
  + Urbanisation1.641.32,2.041.54%1.791.38,2.311.25%1.431.19,1.710.00%1.250.98,1.61 1.621.19,2.191.59%1.411.11,1.790.00%
  + Physical health1.651.32,2.050.00%1.661.28,2.1617.50%1.421.18,1.702.33%1.210.94,1.56 1.671.23,2.27−6.35%1.431.12,1.82−4.88%
  + Social activity1.671.34,2.09−3.08%1.821.41,2.36−2.50%1.441.20,1.72−2.33%1.20.93,1.54 1.621.20,2.201.59%1.431.12,1.82−4.88%
  + Physical activity1.591.28,1.989.23%1.71.31,2.2012.50%1.411.18,1.694.65%1.170.91,1.51 1.571.16,2.139.52%1.41.10,1.782.44%
  + Personality1.571.26,1.9612.31%1.721.32,2.2210.00%1.41.16,1.676.98%1.220.94,1.56 1.61.18,2.174.76%1.381.09,1.767.32%
 Fully-adjusted1.511.20,1.9021.54%1.511.16,1.9836.25%1.371.13,1.6513.95%0.940.72,1.24 1.581.15,2.187.94%1.371.06,1.769.76%
INDIVIDUALS WHO DO NOT ENGAGE: COMPARING RESPONSES OF THOSE WHO HAVE ANXIETY (BUT NOT DEPRESSION) TO THOSE WHO DO NOT HAVE ANXIETY
Basic model1.741.38,2.191.881.43,2.471.791.47,2.171.411.07,1.851.741.25,2.421.771.36,2.32
  + Demographics1.621.28,2.0516.22%1.811.38,2.397.95%1.761.45,2.143.80%1.150.87,1.5263.41%1.551.11,2.1725.68%1.71.29,2.239.09%
  + SES1.71.34,2.145.41%1.861.42,2.452.27%1.771.45,2.142.53%1.220.92,1.6246.34%1.661.19,2.3210.81%1.761.34,2.311.30%
  + Urbanisation1.741.38,2.190.00%1.861.42,2.452.27%1.791.48,2.180.00%1.411.07,1.850.00%1.721.24,2.392.70%1.771.35,2.310.00%
  + Physical health1.731.37,2.181.35%1.841.40,2.424.55%1.81.48,2.18−1.27%1.371.04,1.819.76%1.761.26,2.44−2.70%1.81.37,2.35−3.90%
  + Social activity1.731.37,2.181.35%1.871.42,2.451.14%1.791.48,2.180.00%1.381.05,1.827.32%1.731.25,2.411.35%1.771.35,2.310.00%
  + Physical activity1.721.37,2.172.70%1.841.40,2.424.55%1.781.47,2.161.27%1.381.05,1.817.32%1.721.24,2.392.70%1.771.35,2.320.00%
  + Personality1.611.27,2.0417.57%1.811.37,2.397.95%1.751.43,2.135.06%1.341.01,1.7817.07%1.751.25,2.46−1.35%1.71.29,2.239.09%
 Fully-adjusted1.471.15,1.8836.49%1.631.23,2.1728.41%1.711.39,2.0910.13%0.980.73,1.32 1.611.14,2.2917.57%1.661.25,2.2014.29%
  1. Notes: Both analyses for depression and anxiety were run simultaneously and compared to those who had neither. Boldface = p < .05. PPAE = percentage of protective association explained. Basic model adjusted for frequency of engagement (never, once in last 12 months, twice in last 12 months, 3–4 times in last 12 months). Demographics = age, gender, ethnicity. SES = employment status, educational attainment, household income. Urbanisation = community type. Physical health = chronic illness, chronic pain, problems affecting mobility. Social activity = frequency of meeting up with friends or family. Physical activity = number of days engaged in 30 min of moderate or vigorous exercise in the past week. Personality = extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism
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