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Table 1 Proportion of South African Adolescents in Each Violence Typology by Sociodemographics

From: Violence typologies and sociodemographic correlates in South African adolescents: a three-wave cross-sectional study

 2002   2008   2011   All   
SociodemographicsNI (N = 2148)
24.6%
V (N = 2666)
33.6%
P (N = 688)
8.0%
VP(N = 2603)
30.0%
NI (N = 2666)
27.5%
V (N = 2821)
28.7%
P (N = 892)
8.9%
VP(N = 2861)
31.5%
NI (N = 3216)
33.1%
V (2729)
28.6%
P (N = 924)
9.3%
VP (N = 2312)
22.5%
NI (N = 8030)
30.8%
V (N = 8217)
29.8%
P(N = 2504)
9.0%
VP(N = 7776)
24.6%
Gender
 Boy36,0%31,9%66,7%52,7%41,5%39,9%60,9%56,9%42,3%35,9%67,3%60,9%41,0%35,0%67,0%58,3%
 Girl64,0%68,1%33,3%47,3%58,5%60,1%39,1%43,1%57,7%64,1%32,7%39,1%59,0%65,0%33,0%41,7%
Age (M and SD)15.77(0.1)15.95(0.1)16.08(0.1)16.08(0.1)16.04(0.1)16.12(0.1)16.02(0.1)16.41(0.1)15.99(0.1)16.07(0.1)16.00(0.1)16.36(0.1)15.95(0.1)16.04(0.1)16.02(0.1)16.28(0.1)
Race
 Black78,5%77,9%73,7%82,9%82,6%80,6%78,9%81,9%84,5%84,5%79,8%85,7%83,2%82,6%78,5%84,7%
 Mixed heritage8,7%10,7%9,9%8,9%7,4%10,8%11,3%11,3%5,8%7,8%8,6%8,1%6,4%8,7%8,9%8,5%
 Indian1,4%0,9%2,2%1,2%1,8%1,3%2,3%1,6%2,5%1,3%2,3%1,6%2,3%1,2%2,3%1,5%
 White10,9%9,2%12,6%6,0%7,9%6,9%6,7%4,7%6,2%5,3%8,5%3,6%7,2%6,4%9,3%4,4%
 Other0,5%1,3%1,6%1,0%0,3%0,4%0,8%0,5%1,0%1,2%0,9%1,0%0,9%1,2%1,0%1,0%
Parental absence
 Father absence15,0%17,0%13,7%15,4%8,4%10,0%9,5%7,5%11,2%10,4%9,0%9,5%11,3%12,4%10,5%10,8%
 Mother absence2,6%2,8%4,0%3,9%2,5%3,2%2,4%4,1%3,7%4,4%3,0%4,3%3,0%3,5%3,0%4,1%
 Both parents absence1,0%1,5%1,0%1,8%2,5%2,2%2,5%2,4%2,0%2,8%2,1%3,7%1,9%2,2%1,9%2,6%
Academic performance (M and SD)4.21(0.1)4.15(0.1)4.16(0.1)4.17(0.0)4.08(0.1)4.01(0.1)3.94(0.1)4.02(0.1)3.93(0.1)3.89(0.1)3.83(0.1)3.83(0.1)4.00(0.0)4.00(0.0)3.91(0.1)3.94(0.0)
Monthly allowance (M and SD)3.99(0.2)3.93(0.1)3.93(0.2)3.92(0.1)3.64(0.1)3.55(0.1)3.96(0.2)3.35(0.1)3.76(0.1)3.65(0.1)4.00(0.2)3.51(0.1)3.80(0.1)3.72(0.1)3.98(0.1)3.62(0.1)
  1. Note. NI non-involvement, V victims only, P perpetrators only, VP victim-perpetrators