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Table 3 Predicting women’s likelihood of experiencing food insecurity in Nepal, 2016

From: Food insecurity among women of reproductive age in Nepal: prevalence and correlates

 All women of reproductive age (n = 12,859)i
Adjusted odds ratio95% Confidence Limits
Predictor variable LowerUpper
Ethnicity (Dalit = 0)
 Brahmin/Chhetri0.54***0.400.73
 Newar0.590.301.18
 Hill Indigenous0.52***0.400.68
 Terai Indigenous0.53***0.380.73
 Muslim0.55*0.350.87
 Other0.47***0.340.64
Covariates
 Sex of the household head (Female = 1; male = 0)1.130.991.29
 Total household members0.980.951.01
 Age of Women at Interview0.990.991.00
Women’s education (no education = 0)
 Primary (1-5th grade)0.75***0.650.87
 Secondary (6-10th grade)0.61***0.520.72
 High School and above (>10th grade)0.44***0.360.53
Married (yes = 1; no = 0)0.80**0.680.94
Had birth(s) in the last 5 years (yes = 1; no = 0)1.070.941.21
Wealth Index0.55***0.520.59
Owns property (1 = yes; 0 = no)0.900.781.04
Employed/Working (1 = yes; no = 0)0.970.861.09
Religion (Hindu = 1; else = 0)1.010.801.29
Residence (Urban = 1; rural = 0)0.980.791.20
Ecological zone (Terai = 0)
 Mountain0.770.501.20
 Hill1.040.821.31
Development region (Eastern = 0)
 Central1.60**1.202.13
 Western0.900.681.20
 Mid-western1.91***1.432.56
 Far-western1.46*1.042.05
F value for Wald χ229.42***
Max-rescaled R2.26
generalized R2.20
c.77
Hosmer and Lemeshow χ2 GFI12.11(df = 8; p = .15)
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; *** p < .001; iUnweighted sample size