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Table 5 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of different aspects of health according to body weight dissatisfaction and dieting in Swedish schoolchildren participating in the national survey 2014

From: Dieting, body weight concerns and health: trends and associations in Swedish schoolchildren

Health aspectPrevalence (%)nBody weight concern and dieting
SatisfiedNeed to gain weightNeed to lose weightTrying to lose weight
Overall health
 Poor healtha9753412.2 (1.7–2.9)5.9 (4.8–7.3)4.2 (3.4–5.2)
 Poor healthb 595012.1 (1.5–2.8)4.9 (3.8–6.4)3.4 (2.6–4.4)
 Poor healthc 421112.1 (1.4–3.3)4.4 (3.2–6.1)2.9 (2.0–4.0)
 Not feeling wella 3735112.3 (1.5–3.7)3.5 (2.4–5.1)3.8 (2.7–5.5)
 Not feeling wellb 582011.9 (1.1–3.3)4.3 (2.7–6.9)4.6 (3.0–7.3)
 Not feeling wellc 415812.0 (0.9–4.1)3.3 (1.7–6.1)3.2 (1.7–5.9)
Life satisfaction
 Low life satisfactiona16743211.9 (1.5–2.3)2.7 (2.3–3.2)3.2 (2.7–3.8)
Psychological
 Regularly feeling lowa6745512.2 (1.6–3.0)3.0 (2.3–3.8)3.7 (2.9–4.7)
 Regularly difficulties in sleepinga13748611.7 (1.4–2.1)2.1 (1.7–2.5)3.0 (2.5–3.6)
Physical
 Stomach-ache frequentlya4747212.3 (1.6–3.3)2.6 (1.9–3.5)2.8 (2.0–3.8)
 Headache frequentlya5749111.5 (1.1–2.2)2.3 (1.7–3.1)2.8 (2.1–3.6)
Diagnosis
 Chronical diseasea21744211.3 (1.1–1.5)1.2 (1.0–1.4)1.5 (1.3–1.8)
Social
 Bullied past monthsa12755611.9 (1.5–2.3)1.8 (1.5–2.3)2.6 (2.1–3.1)
 Not accepted by teachersa2757210.9 (0.5–1.6)1.9 (1.2–3.1)3.2 (2.1–4.8)
 Not accepted by classmatesa4748711.6 (1.1–2.4)2.4 (1.7–3.3)3.2 (2.4–4.3)
 Never dinner with parenta2740111.8 (1.1–3.0)2.5 (1.6–3.9)3.5 (2.3–5.3)
 Never breakfast with parenta14757011.2 (1.0–1.5)1.7 (1.5–2.1)1.9 (1.6–2.3)
 Can’t talk problems with familya13737511.2 (1.0–1.6)1.6 (1.3–2.0)2.1 (1.8–2.6)
 Can’t talk problems with friendsa16734911.3 (1.0–1.5)1.5 (1.3–1.8)1.7(1.4–2.0)
Behaviours
 Sugar sweetened beverages dailya5754211.8 (1.3–2.4)1.6 (1.2–2.2)1.4 (1.0–2.0)
 Sweets dailya4751311.6 (1.2–2.3)1.5 (1.0–2.0)1.2 (0.8–1.7)
 Not vegetables dailya59751211.2 (1.1–1.5)1.5 (1.3–1.7)1.0 (0.8–2.0)
 Not fruit dailya72759111.1 (0.9–1.3)1.4 (1.2–1.7)0.9 (0.8–1.0)
 Not breakfast every weekdaya27748611.3 (1.1–1.5)2.8 (2.4–3.2)2.5 (2.2–3.0)
 Not exercise weeklya13730111.7 (1.4–2.1)2.1 (1.7–2.5)0.7 (0.5–0.9)
 TV ≥ 4 h/day weekdaysa21722111.2 (1.0–1.5)1.6 (1.4–1.9)1.7 (1.4–2.0)
 Smokinga5762111.5 (1.1–2.1)1.9 (1.4–2.5)3.2 (2.5–4.2)
 Alcohola19756311.2 (1.0–1.5)1.5 (1.3–1.8)2.2 (1.8–2.6)
 Bed time after 24 weekdaysa6734511.6 (1.2–2.1)2.3 (1.8–3.0)2.5 (2.0–3.3)
  1. aOdds ratios with 95% confidence intervals from a logistic regression model adjusted for age and sex
  2. bAdjusted for BMI class, age and sex
  3. cAdjusted for SES, country of birth, family structure, BMI class, age and sex