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Table 1 Summary statistics overall and by rurality of residence location at diagnosis

From: Rural-urban differences in the association between individual, facility, and clinical characteristics and travel time for cancer treatment

 MetroRural RUCC 4–6P value (comparison to metro)Rural RUCC 7–9P value (comparison to metro)P value (compare rural RUCC 4-6to rural RUCC 7–9)
N = 175,184N = 19,346N = 2968
Mean age (years)66.066.5< 0.00167.0< 0.0010.05
Female51.2%48.2%< 0.00147.4%51.2%0.43
White86.7%98.3%< 0.00198.0%86.7%0.24
Non-white12.4%1.4%< 0.0011.3%12.4%0.74
Hispanic1.72%0.35%< 0.0010.40%< 0.0010.62
Uninsured1.0%1.1%0.401.0%0.960.71
Private insurance36.8%32.0%< 0.00129.3%< 0.0010.00
Medicaid5.7%5.6%0.435.2%0.210.37
Medicare44.7%49.5%< 0.00154.4%< 0.001< 0.001
Dual-eligible2.9%4.2%< 0.0015.6%< 0.001< 0.001
Other insurance8.9%7.6%< 0.0014.5%< 0.001< 0.001
Travel time to nearest facility (minutes)19.331.8< 0.00142.7< 0.001< 0.001
Mean number of facilities visited1.01.00.031.00.020.11
US News hospital score26.917.3< 0.00115.3< 0.001< 0.001
US News hospital score missing26.9%45.5%< 0.00156.6%< 0.001< 0.001
Volume of cases 2010–2014 at facility attended (in 100’s)49.544.6< 0.00143.3< 0.0010.20
Lung/bronchus17.9%17.6%0.4716.5%0.060.14
Colorectal12.5%13.8%< 0.00114.1%0.010.67
Prostate13.8%13.8%0.9616.9%< 0.001< 0.001
Female breast17.8%15.8%< 0.00116.6%0.080.25
Cervical/uterine0.9%0.8%0.560.5%0.020.04
Oral/pharyngeal3.0%3.2%0.132.8%0.680.34
Ovarian1.9%1.8%0.591.7%0.560.73
Thyroid5.5%5.3%0.315.5%0.980.68
Melanoma5.7%6.0%0.077.0%0.000.03
Other urological9.5%10.5%< 0.0019.5%0.930.08
Other digestive11.6%11.3%0.288.8%< 0.001< 0.001
Local52.1%52.1%0.9055.1%0.000.00
Regional24.1%23.9%0.6621.2%< 0.0010.00
Distant21.5%21.5%0.9620.2%0.090.11
Unknown stage2.2%2.5%0.063.5%< 0.001< 0.001
Chemotherapy26.0%24.8%< 0.00121.0%< 0.001< 0.001
Radiation therapy25.4%23.5%< 0.00123.9%0.060.64
Surgery66.5%67.7%< 0.00169.6%< 0.0010.04
Immunotherapy0.9%0.7%< 0.0011.0%0.690.03
Hormone therapy15.7%14.5%< 0.00116.8%0.10< 0.001
  1. aFor test of differences between rural-urban category of residence, P value is for t-test for continuous variables and Chi-squared test for categorical variables