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Table 1 Distribution and crude association of full immunization and selected characteristics of respondents (weighted n = 1338)

From: Impact of mother’s education on full immunization of children aged 12–23 months in Eritrea: population and health survey 2010 data analysis

VariableWeighted No. (Weighted %)Full ImmunizationOR(95% CI)P-value**
No (%)Yes (%)
Maternal Education
 No education597(44.6)152(25.4)445(74.6)1 
 Primary298(22.3)33(11.0)265(89.0)2.75(1.74–4.37)< 0.001
 Middle or above443(33.1)43(9.7)400(90.3)3.16(2.09–4.78)< 0.001
Household characteristics
Place of residence
 Urban428(32.0)44(10.3)385(89.8)1 
 Rural910(68.0)184(20.2)726(79.8)0.45(0.30–0.66)< 0.001
Wealth index
 Poor536(41.1)143(26.8)392(73.2)1 
 Middle292(22.2)42 (14.3)250(85.8)2.20(1.43–3.37)< 0.001
 Rich510(36.6)43(8.4)468(91.6)3.75(2.48–5.66)< 0.001
Region
 DKB20(1.5)8(34.5)13(65.5)1 
 SKB162(12.1)39(24.1)122(75.9)1.66(0.87–3.14)0.122
 Gash-Bar331(24.7)78(23.5)253(76.5)1.72(0.96–3.07)0.07
 Anseba206(15.4)35(17.1)171(82.9)2.55(1.31–4.96)0.006
 Debub382(28.5)52(13.7)330(86.3)3.31(1.88–5.82)< 0.001
 Maekel237(17.8)16(6.9)221(93.1)7.14(3.51–14.53)< 0.001
Mothers characteristics
Age group
 15–24335(25.0)62(18.5)273(81.5)1 
 25–29385(28.8)57(14.8)328(85.2)1.3(0.83–2.04)0.247
 30–34289(21.6)56(19.5)233(80.5)0.94(0.58–1.52)0.796
 35–39229(17.1)35(15.1)194(84.9)1.27(0.76–2.15)0.361
 40–49100(7.5)18(17.6)83(82.4)1.07(0.59–1.94)0.833
Mothers’ Occupation
 Currently working1053(79.8)182(17.2)872(82.8)1 
 Currently not working267(20.2)44(16.6)223(83.4)1.05(0.72–1.53)0.81
Marital status
 Currently not married84(6.3)15(18.1)68(81.9)1 
 Currently married1237(93.7)21,117.0)1026(83.0)1.07(0.56–2.04)0.826
Exposure to mass-media
 Not at all858(64.2)163(19.0)695(81.0)1 
VEver exposed480(35.8)64(13.4)415(86.6)1.52(1.08–2.15)0.018
Mother’s characteristicsWeighted No. (Weighted %)Full ImmunizationOR(95%CI)P-value**
No (%)Yes (%)
Religion
 Christian780(58.6)98(12.5)682(87.5)1< 0.001
 Muslim551(41.4)129(23.4)423(76.6)0.47(0.33–0.66) 
ANC visit
 No visit112(8.4)42(37.4)70(62.7)1 
 1–3433(32.4)74(17.1)359(82.9)2.89(1.59–5.26)0.001
 4 or above793(59.3)112(14.4)681(85.6)3.63(2.08–6.34)< 0.001
Postnatal check-up
 No1061(79.4)189(17.8)872(82.2)1 
 Yes275(20.6)39(14.3)236(85.8)1.3(0.88–1.91)0.188
Distance to health facility
 Big problem495(37.5)105(21.2)390(78.8)1 
 Not big problem826(62.5)122(14.8)703(85.2)1.55(1.11–2.16)0.01
Fathers characteristics
Father’s Education
 No education456(35.2)124(27.2)332(72.8)1 
 Primary249(19.2)35(13.9)215(86.1)2.32(1.44–3.75)0.001
 Middle244(18.8)26(10.7)218(89.3)3.13(1.87–5.23)< 0.001
 Secondary or above347(26.8)38(11.6)308(88.4)2.91(1.90–4.45)< 0.001
Father’s Occupation
 Did not work30(3.0)5(16.4)25(83.6)1 
 Professional/technical/ managerial..96(7.3)8(8.1)88(91.9)2.22(0.65–7.59)0.201
 Clerical/sales/services603(47.0)81(13.4)522(86.6)1.26(0.48–3.31)0.632
 Manual181(13.8)30(16.6)151(83.4)0.99(0.36–2.69)0.978
 Agriculture370(29.0)98(26.5)272(73.5)0.54(0.21–1.400.207
Child characteristics
Vaccination card
 No199(14.9)115(57.5)85(42.5)1 
 Yes1139(85.1)113(9.9)1026(90.1)12.29(8.43–17.91)< 0.001
Sex
 Male699(52.3)121(17.3)579(82.7)1 
 Female638(47.7)107(16.7)532(83.3)1.04(0.77–1.40)0.81
Birth order
 First born262(19.6)39(14.9)223(85.1)1 
 2–3512(38.2)77(15.0)434(85.0)0.99(0.62–1.59)0.973
 4–5307(22.9)57(18.8)249(81.3)0.76(0.46–1.26)0.29
 6+258(19.3)54(21.1)203(78.9)0.65(0.40–1.07)0.092
Place of delivery
 Home514(38.4)166(20.1)658(79.9)1 
vHealth facility824(61.6)62(12.1)452(87.9)1.83(1.27–2.64)0.001
  1. NB. difference in number is due to missing values **p-value from Wald test