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Table 3 Sociodemographic patterning of vaping among youth (aged 10–15) by smoking statusa

From: Socioeconomic patterning of vaping by smoking status among UK adults and youth

  Sociodemographic Characteristics Vaping Among Never Smokers Vaping Among Ever Smokers All Vaping
N % Yes
N
% P-Value Yes
N
% P-Value Yes
N
% P-Value
Total 3291 100 42 1.4 70 28.4 112 3.4
No Vaping 3179 96.6          
Vaping 112 3.4          
Never Smokers 3044 92.5        42 1.4 < 0.001
Ever Smokers 247 7.5        70 28.4  
Male 1629 49.5 25 1.7 0.146 43 34.7 0.032 68 4.2 0.018
Female 1662 50.5 16 1.1   27 22.2   44 2.7  
Age 10 520 15.8 4 0.8 < 0.001 0 1.6 0.069 4 0.8 < 0.001
Age 11 596 18.1 0 0.0   0 0.2   0 0.1  
Age 12 561 17.0 4 0.7   0 0.4   4 0.7  
Age 13 493 15.0 5 1.1   8 28.3   13 2.7  
Age 14 588 17.9 12 2.5   28 32.8   41 6.9  
Age 15 533 16.2 15 3.6   34 30.4   49 9.2  
England 2831 86.0 38 1.4 0.838 59 27.8 0.412 97 3.4 0.607
Wales 111 3.4 2 1.9   2 24.7   4 2.8  
Scotland 263 8.0 2 0.8   5 26.1   7 3.0  
Northern Ireland 86 2.6 1 1.3   4 56.3   5 5.9  
White UK 2704 82.2 33 1.3 0.437 62 28.7 0.668 96 3.5 0.420
Ethnic Minority 587 17.8 8 1.5   8 27.5   17 2.8  
Couple Parents 2474 75.2 20 0.9 < 0.001 43 29.4 0.686 63 2.6 < 0.001
Single Parent 817 24.8 21 3.0   27 27.0   49 6.0  
Parents Never Smokers 1175 35.7 13 1.1 0.193 23 33.3 0.505 35 3.0 0.126
Ex-Smoking Parent 1301 39.5 14 1.2   26 25.1   40 3.1  
Current Smoking Parent 815 24.8 15 2.1   22 28.5   37 4.5  
No Parental Vaping 2903 88.2 36 1.3 0.711 55 27.5 0.495 91 3.1 0.021
Parental Vaping 388 11.8 6 1.6   15 32.5   21 5.5  
Degree 1739 52.8 17 1.1 0.445 34 30.4 0.737 51 2.9 0.331
A-Level or equivalent 676 20.5 11 1.8   13 25.6   24 3.6  
GCSE or equivalent 782 23.8 12 1.7   22 29.3   34 4.4  
No Qualifications 94 2.9 1 1.2   2 17.7   3 3.3  
Managerial/Professional 1347 40.9 4 0.3 < 0.001 21 24.9 0.275 25 1.8 < 0.001
Intermediate 489 14.9 9 1.9   13 35.7   21 4.4  
Routine 539 16.4 14 2.8   17 38.9   31 5.7  
Not employed 916 27.8 15 1.8   20 23.4   35 3.8  
Highest Income Quartile 473 14.4 1 0.3 0.002 7 26.1 0.586 9 1.9 < 0.001
2nd Quartile 850 25.8 4 0.5   13 22.2   17 2.1  
3rd Quartile 1094 33.2 17 1.6   21 31.2   37 3.5  
Lowest Income Quartile 875 26.6 19 2.4   29 30.9   48 5.5  
  1. aData weighted for attrition and over-sampling, and results averaged across 25 imputed datasets