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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of Umrah pilgrims (n = 350)

From: Development and validation of knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for prevention of respiratory tract infections among Malaysian Hajj pilgrims

VariablesMean (SD)FrequencyPercentage (%)
Age43.85 (15.80)  
Gender
 Male 11037.4
 Female 18462.6
Ethnicity
 Malay 28998.7
 Chinese 00
 Indian 10.3
 Others 31.0
Marital status
 Single 8528.9
 Married 19867.4
 Divorced/widowed 113.7
Occupation
 Student 206.8
 Civil servant 7626.0
 Private sector 9231.5
 Pensioner 4515.6
 Housewife 3210.9
 Self-employed 279.2
Highest level of education
 PhD 41.4
 Master’s degree 206.8
 Bachelor’s degree 5819.7
 Diploma 9331.6
 Secondary school 10736.4
 Primary school 124.1
History of vaccination
 Meningococcal vaccine 11137.8
 Influenza (flu) vaccine 5217.7
 Pneumococcal vaccine 258.5
Presence of Co-morbidities
 Chronic lung disease 41.4
 Neuromuscular disease 103.4
 Allergic rhinitis 51.7
 Diabetes 217.1
 Hypertension 4615.6
 Heart disease 82.7
 Chronic kidney disease 20.7
 Immune deficiency disorders 10.3