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Table 5 Socioeconomic factors related with prevalence of diabetes, pre-diabetes, undiagnosed and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus in Yazd

From: Epidemiology of diabetes mellitus, pre-diabetes, undiagnosed and uncontrolled diabetes in Central Iran: results from Yazd health study

 Prevalence of DM aPrevalence of DM bUndiagnosed DM bUncontrolled DM bPre-diabetes b
OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)OR (95%CI)
Gender
 MaleRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Female1.4 (1.1–1.7)1.2 (0.9–1.6)0.7 (0.4–1.3)1.1 (0.6–1.8)1.2 (0.9–1.5)
Age groups
 20–29Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 30–392.2 (1.3–3.6)2.4 (1.0–5.8)0.8 (0.3–2.3)1.8 (0.2–13.3)1.3 (0.9–1.9)
 40–495.6 (3.5–9.0)6.4 (2.8–14.7)2.1 (0.8–5.5)2.0 (0.3–13.3)2.8 (2.0–4.1)
 50–5917.3 (11.0–27.3)18.7 (8.3–42.2)3.7 (1.4–9.5)2.0 (0.3–12.8)4.3 (3.0–6.2)
 60–6925.0 (15.8–39.7)25.3 (11.1–57.4)4.8 (1.8–12.5)2.1 (0.3–13.1)4.39 (3.0–6.5)
Education
 Primary school & lessRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 High school0.9 (0.8–1.1)0.9 (0.7–1.1)1.0 (0.7–1.5)0.8 (0.5–1.2)0.8 (0.6–1.0)
 Diploma &Graduate Diploma0.7 (0.5–0.8)0.8 (0.6–1.0)0.5 (0.3–0.9)1.0 (0.6–1.6)0.9 (0.7–1.2)
 BSc,MSc.Doctorate0.6 (0.4–0.7)0.5 (0.3–0.8)0.5 (0.2–1.1)0.5 (0.2–1.3)0.6 (0.5–0.9)
Health insurance
 NoRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Yes1.4 (0.9–2.0)0.8 (0.5–1.3)1.7 (0.5–5.5)0.9 (0.3–2.2)1.6 (1.0–2.7)
Employment
 EmployedRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Housewife1.0 (0.8–1.3)1.0 (0.7–1.4)1.0 (0.5–1.9)0.7 (0.4–1.3)0.9 (0.7–1.2)
 Unemployed1.4 (1.2–1.7)1.5 (1.1–1.9)0.80 (0.5–1.3)0.9 (0.5–1.4)0.7 (0.6–0.9)
Marriage status
 MarriedRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Single0.8 (0.5–1.4)0.8 (0.3–1.7)0.4 (0.1–1.9)0.3 (0.1–1.9)1.2 (0.8–1.8)
 Widow/divorced1.3 (1.0–1.6)1.3 (0.9–1.8)1.3 (0.6–2.5)1.4 (0.8–2.5)1.03 (0.7–1.5)
  1. aTotal sample size: 9975
  2. bSubsample size, people who participated in the blood test: 3810
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