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Table 3 Estimated relationships between government expenditures and suicide rates conditional on the unemployment rate

From: Government spending, recession, and suicide: evidence from Japan

 (1) Male 40–64(2) Female 40–64
Log of government expenditures per capita0.173− 0.026
(− 0.343, 0.688)(− 0.458, 0.406)
Expenditures × unemployment− 0.090− 0.039
(− 0.182, 0.002)(− 0.126, 0.047)
Unemployment rate1.2560.528
(−0.003, 2.515)(−0.648, 1.703)
Log of income per capita−0.153− 0.228
(−0.600, 0.295)(−1.129, 0.674)
Fiscal strength index−0.014−0.078
(−0.301, 0.272)(−0.511, 0.354)
Log of population size3.8231.140
(0.190, 7.457)(−5.393, 7.672)
Percent under 14−0.036− 0.002
(− 0.178, 0.105)(− 0.243, 0.240)
Percent over 650.029−0.029
(−0.100, 0.158)(−0.222, 0.163)
Prefecture fixed effectYesYes
Year fixed effectYesYes
Prefecture-specific liner trendYesYes
N of observations658658
R squared0.8270.269
  1. Note: Table entries are regression coefficients with 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. Standard errors are clustered by prefectures. The dependent variable is a log of the suicide rate per 100,000 by men and women aged 40 to 64. Data covered the period from 2001 to 2014 in 47 prefectures of Japan