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Table 2 Estimated influences of government expenditures on suicide rates by sex and age

From: Government spending, recession, and suicide: evidence from Japan

 (1) Male 20–39(2) Male 40–64(3) Male 65-(4) Female 20–39(5) Female 40–64(6) Female 65-
Log of government expenditures per capita−0.017− 0.2460.0690.188−0.207− 0.043
(−0.183, 0.150)(− 0.428, − 0.063)(− 0.080, 0.219)(− 0.292, 0.669)(− 0.383, − 0.032)(− 0.322, 0.237)
Unemployment rate0.0140.0230.062−0.057− 0.007− 0.008
(− 0.039, 0.067)(− 0.017, 0.063)(0.020, 0.105)(− 0.110, − 0.004)(− 0.078, 0.064)(− 0.080, 0.064)
Log of income per capita−0.266− 0.173−0.109− 0.183− 0.2360.604
(−0.988, 0.457)(− 0.673, 0.327)(− 0.630, 0.413)(− 1.245, 0.879)(− 1.143, 0.671)(− 0.068, 1.276)
Fiscal strength index− 0.0260.0380.107− 0.518− 0.055− 0.397
(− 0.323, 0.271)(− 0.298, 0.375)(− 0.146, 0.359)(−1.245, 0.208)(− 0.494, 0.383)(− 1.078, 0.283)
Log of population size1.3963.4461.88110.4570.9762.042
(−3.959, 6.750)(−0.267, 7.160)(−2.597, 6.360)(−0.311, 21.225)(−5.407, 7.359)(−2.602, 6.686)
Percent under 140.149−0.045−0.0950.170−0.005− 0.233
(−0.061, 0.360)(− 0.185, 0.095)(− 0.289, 0.100)(−0.160, 0.500)(− 0.244, 0.233)(− 0.436, − 0.029)
Percent over 650.1540.0440.0170.049−0.0230.046
(−0.012, 0.319)(−0.085, 0.174)(− 0.106, 0.139)(− 0.176, 0.275)(−0.215, 0.170)(− 0.096, 0.189)
Prefecture fixed effectYesYesYesYesYesYes
Year fixed effectYesYesYesYesYesYes
Prefecture-specific liner trendYesYesYesYesYesYes
N of observations658658658658658658
R squared0.3420.8250.4050.2620.2690.448
  1. Note: Table entries are regression coefficients with 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. Standard errors are clustered by prefectures. The dependent variable is a log of the suicide rate per 100,000 by sex and age. Data covered the period from 2001 to 2014 in 47 prefectures of Japan