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Table 2 Proportions of students engaged in gambling and in risk gambling, by categorical school ethos. Percent

From: School ethos and adolescent gambling: a multilevel study of upper secondary schools in Stockholm, Sweden

 School ethos 
WeakInter-mediateStrongχ2
Gambling
 Gambling during the past 12 months15.216.89.343.81***
Risk gambling
 Tried to reduce gambling3.42.01.022.66***
 Felt restless or irritated when not able to gamble2.71.41.016.36***
 Lied about gambling1.91.40.79.06*
 At least one indicator of risk gambling4.93.31.630.04***
 n172217431658 
  1. ***p < 0.001 **p < 0.01 *p < 0.05
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