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Table 2 Risk factors for overweight and obesity. Crude and Adjusted OR with 95% confidence intervals

From: Societal risk factors for overweight and obesity in women in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional study

 OverweightObesity
Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Individual Factors
 Age
  15–291111
  30–443.13 (2.80–3.50)2.76 (2.45–3.11)3.86 (3.28–4.53)3.24 (2.69–3.90)
   ≥ 453.57 (2.90–4.38)3.68 (2.95–4.60)5.48 (4.34–6.91)5.74 (4.45–7.43)
 Educational Level
   ≤ Primary1111
  Secondary1.35 (1.20–1.52)1.03 (0.91–1.18)1.66 (1.37–2.00)1.08 (0.89–1.32)
  Higher3.06 (2.48–3.78)1.23 (0.95–1.58)4.67 (3.63–5.99)1.44 (1.07–1.96)
 Contraception Use
  None1111
  Hormonal1.74 (1.55–1.96)1.24 (1.07–1.41)1.94 (1.64–2.28)1.34 (1.10–1.64)
  Non-Hormonal2.01 (1.65–2.44)1.20 (0.63–1.19)2.38 (1.81–3.13)1.31 (0.96–1.78)
Household Factors
 Marital Status
  Unmarried1111
  Married1.99 (1.77–2.23)1.58 (1.38–1.79)2.14 (1.81–2.53)1.54 (1.27–1.87)
 Wealth Index  
  Poorest1111
  Poorer1.39 (1.14–1.71)1.40 (1.19–1.74)1.80 (1.21–2.66)1.74 (1.16–2.60)
  Middle1.87 (1.56–2.24)1.82 (1.48–2.23)2.61 (1.85–3.69)2.29 (1.58–3.34)
  Richer2.86 (2.38–3.45)2.91 (2.25–3.74)4.83 (3.45–6.76)4.37 (2.82–6.77)
  Richest3.91 (3.29–4.67)4.01 (2.93–5.50)8.18 (5.87–11.39)6.97 (4.08–11.9)
Community Factors
 Place of Residence
  Urban1111
  Rural0.47 (0.41–0.53)1.01 (0.79–1.29)0.35 (0.29–0.42)0.97 (0.68–1.40)
 Province
  Manicaland111 
  Mashonaland1.21 (1.00–1.47)0.95 (0.78–1.15)1.34 (0.99–1.80) 
Matebeleland1.07 (0.88–1.30)0.95 (0.77–1.17)1.28 (0.92–1.72) 
 Religion
  Non-Christian1111
  Christian1.51 (1.35–1.68)1.13 (1.00–1.28)1.81 (1.57–2.08)1.12 (0.95–1.33)
Social and Policy Factors
 Access to Mass Media (Television, Newspaper, Radio, Internet)
  No1111
  Yes1.86 (1.62–2.13)1.12 (0.96–1.31)2.72 (2.17–3.42)1.24 (0.96–1.61)
Household
 Number of Household Members
  1–51111
  6–100.82 (0.73–0.91)0.91 (0.80–1.03)0.84 (0.71–0.99)0.98 (0.81–1.18)
   > 110.62 (0.46–0.83)0.86 (0.63–1.19)0.72 (0.49–1.06)1.18 (0.79–1.78)
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