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Table 3 Multinomial regression models of perceived environmental pollution’s impacts on health

From: Association between perceived environmental pollution and health among urban and rural residents-a Chinese national study

 Urban residents Rural residents 
Model 1aModel 1bModel 2aModel 2b
Good vs GeneralPoor vs GeneralGood vs GeneralPoor vs General
B(95%CI)B(95%CI)B(95%CI)B(95%CI)
Air pollution (No)
 Yes-0.14* (− 0.26,-0.02)0.09 (− 0.12,0.31)− 0.12 (− 0.26,0.02)−0.11 (− 0.35,0.14)
Water pollution (No)
 Yes− 0.10 (− 0.25,0.04)− 0.18 (− 0.42,0.07)−0.06 (− 0.22,0.09)−0.03 (− 0.28,0.23)
Garbage pollution (No)
 Yes−0.04 (− 0.18,0.09)0.33** (0.10,0.56)− 0.08 (− 0.21,0.05)−0.17 (− 0.40,0.06)
Noise pollution (No)
 Yes−0.23*** (− 0.35,-0.11)−0.19 (− 0.40,0.03)−0.06 (− 0.21,0.09)−0.10 (− 0.36,0.16)
Gender (male)
 Female−0.38*** (− 0.47,-0.29)−0.08 (− 0.24,0.08)−0.38*** (0.47,-0.29)(0.03,0.32)
Age(≤29 years)
 30–39 years1.44*** (1.18,1.69)−1.40*** (−2.04,-0.76)1.81*** (1.59,2.04)− 1.22*** (− 1.66,-0.77)
 40–49 years0.89*** (0.71,1.07)−0.10 (− 0.44,0.23)1.20*** (1.02,1.38)− 0.73*** (− 1.00,-0.45)
 50–59 years0.47*** (0.30,0.64)0.42** (0.13,0.70)0.76*** (0.59,0.92)− 0.36** (− 0.58,-0.13)
  ≥ 60 years0.05 (− 0.12,0.23)0.00 (− 0.28,0.28)0.37*** (0.21,0.53)−0.10 (− 0.31,0.10)
Marital status (Widowed)
 Never married0.60*** (0.25,0.94)0.89** (0.33,1.45)0.11 (−0.19,0.41)0.56* (0.12,1.00)
 Married0.35** (0.10,0.60)−0.47** (− 0.80,-0.14)0.21 (− 0.01,0.42)−0.17 (− 0.44,0.10)
 Divorced0.08 (− 0.24,0.39)0.08 (− 0.35,0.51)−0.17 (− 0.56,0.23)−0.13 (− 0.73,0.47)
Education (primary schools or below)
 Junior or senior high school0.26** (0.10,0.41)−0.45*** (− 0.68,-0.23)0.24*** (0.15,0.33)− 0.56*** (− 0.72,-0.40)
 Postsecondary and above0.39*** (0.21,0.57)− 1.27*** (− 1.60,-0.95)0.43* (0.04,0.82)− 0.62 (− 1.52,0.27)
Father’s education (primary schools or below)
 Junior or senior high school0.12* (0.02,0.22)− 0.15 (− 0.34,0.04)0.14* (0.02,0.26)0.02 (− 0.20,0.25)
 Postsecondary and above− 0.01 (− 0.20,0.18)−0.21 (− 0.62,0.21)0.13 (− 0.62,0.88)0.10 (− 1.22,1.43)
_cons0.09(− 0.21,0.38)−0.47*(− 0.87,-0.07)0.14(− 0.09,0.38)−0.38**(− 0.67,-0.09)
N11,416 13,325 
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
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