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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of residents (N = 24,741)

From: Association between perceived environmental pollution and health among urban and rural residents-a Chinese national study

VariableUrban residents(N = 11,416)Rural residents(N = 13,325)p-value
 GoodGeneralPoorp-value GoodGeneralPoorp-value 
Total 67.2125.886.91  68.5622.908.54 ***
Gender
 Male47.9471.3722.586.05***49.3772.7720.426.81****
 Female52.0663.3928.917.7150.6364.4425.3310.23
Age
  ≤ 29 years15.6987.7211.221.06***17.2687.8310.481.70******
 30–39 years25.2375.6620.583.7822.9777.9518.034.02
 40–49 years29.6763.0927.349.5729.3767.3524.558.10
 50–59 years22.1053.8236.469.7122.4954.9230.5314.55
  ≥ 60 years7.3151.2637.7211.027.9042.4536.3721.18
Education level
 Primary school or below8.5148.3035.6316.07***42.3257.7628.0414.20******
 Junior or senior high school61.2064.7827.317.9155.7876.1919.364.45
 Postsecondary or above30.2977.4420.242.311.9084.9812.652.37
Marital status
 Never married10.8685.8910.893.23***9.0382.3812.475.15******
 Married81.9466.2627.116.6385.8268.1923.458.36
 Divorced4.2154.8930.9814.141.4563.2127.469.33
 Widowed2.9942.8239.3017.893.7145.3434.0120.65
Father’s education level
 Primary school or below51.5360.7730.029.21***78.3965.6024.739.67******
 Junior or senior high school41.5674.1421.274.6021.2379.3216.264.42
 Postsecondary or above6.9173.6422.693.680.3876.0018.006.00
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
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