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Table 3 Family members characteristics by intervention groups through the study

From: Effect of a family and interdisciplinary intervention to prevent T2D: randomized clinical trial

Anthropometric CharacteristicsIndividual Group
(n = 33)
Familiar Group
(n = 68)
Basal (n = 33)Month 6 (n = 13)Month 12 (n = 7)Basal (n = 68)Month 6 (n = 36)Month 12 (n = 23)
Weight (kg)72.0 ± 17.066.4 ± 16.075.0 ± 16.0C68.6 ± 17.068.5 ± 16.065.4 ± 16.8
BMI (kg/m2)26.3 ± 5.425.0 ± 5.428.4 ± 5.2C25.9 ± 5.226.3 ± 5.325.5 ± 5.3
WC (cm)86.0 ± 12.682.6 ± 11.8B88.7 ± 11.283.6 ± 17.283.9 ± 11.878.8 ± 17.3
Body fat (%)29.0 ± 11.028.2 ± 11.730.8 ± 13.0C28.3 ± 9.028.6 ± 10.128.9 ± 10.1
Visceral Index (AU)5.5 ± 4.04.7 ± 3.35.4 ± 3.96.3 ± 4.66.4 ± 4.65.0 ± 3.7
SBP (mm Hg)108 ± 10109 ± 10111 ± 7108 ± 14110 ± 10111 ± 13
Biochemistry Characteristics
Glucose (mg/dl)
0 min
89 ± 8.091 ± 1088 ± 792 ± 9.090 ± 1093 ± 10
Glucose (mg/dl)
120 min
106 ± 22Not done104 ± 29102 ± 19Not done100 ± 22
AUCgluc_OGTT (mg/dl/min)14,262 ± 2342Not done14,556 ± 241013,691 ± 2534Not done13,966 ± 2679
Tg (mg/dl)103 ± 38118 ± 36108 ± 40123 ± 58128 ± 65112 ± 62
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl)167 ± 29161 ± 30180 ± 39∆I174 ± 38167 ± 38159 ± 30∆I
HDL (mg/dl)45 ± 1150 ± 1446 ± 1244 ± 1243 ± 1150 ± 11
LDL (mg/dl)102 ± 2887 ± 28112 ± 38C, ∆I104 ± 32102 ± 30E90 ± 29F, ∆I
Markers of insulin resistance and B cell function
Matsuda Index6.3 ± 3.9Not done4.6 ± 3.55.2 ± 3.2Not done5.5 ± 2.6
HOMA IR1.8 ± 0.9Not done2.4 ± 1.02.3 ± 1.4Not done2.4 ± 1.8
Insulin secretion0.47 ± 0.25 ANot done0.75 ± 0.380.66 ± 0.35 ANot done0.60 ± 0.33
Disposition Index2.38 ± 0.75Not done2.64 ± 0.552.68 ± 0.86Not done2.62 ± 0.87
  1. Data presented as means ± standard deviation. A = p < 0.05 for comparison between groups at the corresponding time; B = p < 0.05 basal vs month 6 individual group; C = p < 0.05 basal vs month 12 individual group; D = p < 0.05 month 6 vs month 12 individual group; E = p < 0.05 basal vs month 6 familiar group; F = p < 0.05 basal vs month 12 familiar group; G = p < 0.05 month 6 vs month 12 familiar group; ∆H = p < 0.05 for comparison of change between groups from 0 to 6 months; ∆I = p < 0.05 for comparison of change between groups from 0 to 12 months. AU, arbitrary units; AUCgluc_OGTT, area under the glucose curve during oral glucose tolerance test; AUCIns, area under the insulin curve; BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, Glycated hemoglobin; HDL, high density lipoprotein; HOMA IR, homeostatic model assessment; IR, insulin resistance; LDL, low density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic pression blood; Tg, triglycerides; WC, waist circumference
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