Skip to main content

Table 3 Family members characteristics by intervention groups through the study

From: Effect of a family and interdisciplinary intervention to prevent T2D: randomized clinical trial

Anthropometric Characteristics Individual Group
(n = 33)
Familiar Group
(n = 68)
Basal (n = 33) Month 6 (n = 13) Month 12 (n = 7) Basal (n = 68) Month 6 (n = 36) Month 12 (n = 23)
Weight (kg) 72.0 ± 17.0 66.4 ± 16.0 75.0 ± 16.0C 68.6 ± 17.0 68.5 ± 16.0 65.4 ± 16.8
BMI (kg/m2) 26.3 ± 5.4 25.0 ± 5.4 28.4 ± 5.2C 25.9 ± 5.2 26.3 ± 5.3 25.5 ± 5.3
WC (cm) 86.0 ± 12.6 82.6 ± 11.8B 88.7 ± 11.2 83.6 ± 17.2 83.9 ± 11.8 78.8 ± 17.3
Body fat (%) 29.0 ± 11.0 28.2 ± 11.7 30.8 ± 13.0C 28.3 ± 9.0 28.6 ± 10.1 28.9 ± 10.1
Visceral Index (AU) 5.5 ± 4.0 4.7 ± 3.3 5.4 ± 3.9 6.3 ± 4.6 6.4 ± 4.6 5.0 ± 3.7
SBP (mm Hg) 108 ± 10 109 ± 10 111 ± 7 108 ± 14 110 ± 10 111 ± 13
Biochemistry Characteristics
Glucose (mg/dl)
0 min
89 ± 8.0 91 ± 10 88 ± 7 92 ± 9.0 90 ± 10 93 ± 10
Glucose (mg/dl)
120 min
106 ± 22 Not done 104 ± 29 102 ± 19 Not done 100 ± 22
AUCgluc_OGTT (mg/dl/min) 14,262 ± 2342 Not done 14,556 ± 2410 13,691 ± 2534 Not done 13,966 ± 2679
Tg (mg/dl) 103 ± 38 118 ± 36 108 ± 40 123 ± 58 128 ± 65 112 ± 62
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 167 ± 29 161 ± 30 180 ± 39∆I 174 ± 38 167 ± 38 159 ± 30∆I
HDL (mg/dl) 45 ± 11 50 ± 14 46 ± 12 44 ± 12 43 ± 11 50 ± 11
LDL (mg/dl) 102 ± 28 87 ± 28 112 ± 38C, ∆I 104 ± 32 102 ± 30E 90 ± 29F, ∆I
Markers of insulin resistance and B cell function
Matsuda Index 6.3 ± 3.9 Not done 4.6 ± 3.5 5.2 ± 3.2 Not done 5.5 ± 2.6
HOMA IR 1.8 ± 0.9 Not done 2.4 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.4 Not done 2.4 ± 1.8
Insulin secretion 0.47 ± 0.25 A Not done 0.75 ± 0.38 0.66 ± 0.35 A Not done 0.60 ± 0.33
Disposition Index 2.38 ± 0.75 Not done 2.64 ± 0.55 2.68 ± 0.86 Not done 2.62 ± 0.87
  1. Data presented as means ± standard deviation. A = p < 0.05 for comparison between groups at the corresponding time; B = p < 0.05 basal vs month 6 individual group; C = p < 0.05 basal vs month 12 individual group; D = p < 0.05 month 6 vs month 12 individual group; E = p < 0.05 basal vs month 6 familiar group; F = p < 0.05 basal vs month 12 familiar group; G = p < 0.05 month 6 vs month 12 familiar group; ∆H = p < 0.05 for comparison of change between groups from 0 to 6 months; ∆I = p < 0.05 for comparison of change between groups from 0 to 12 months. AU, arbitrary units; AUCgluc_OGTT, area under the glucose curve during oral glucose tolerance test; AUCIns, area under the insulin curve; BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, Glycated hemoglobin; HDL, high density lipoprotein; HOMA IR, homeostatic model assessment; IR, insulin resistance; LDL, low density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic pression blood; Tg, triglycerides; WC, waist circumference