Skip to main content

Table 3 The number of studies reporting clusters within each archetypes, the number of clusters within each archetype and the average prevalence of respondents in each archetype

From: Clustering of health-related behaviours within children aged 11–16: a systematic review

Archetypes Description Number of Clusters Number of Studies Reporting Clustersa Average Proportion of Respondents in Clusters (Range)
1. Poly-Substance Use Clusters with engagement in two or more addictive substances. 39
(52%)
15
(100%)
10%
(0.2–25%)
2. Single Substance Use Clusters with engagement in one addictive substance. 15
(20%)
9
(60%)
23%
(2–80%)
3. Substance Abstainers Clusters reporting no substance use. 21
(28%)
13
(87%)
51%
(18–91%)
Total (substance use only)   75 15  
4. Substance Use and No/Low Behavioural Risk Indicators Substance use and no/low engagement in majority of risk behavioral indicators measured. 22
(18%)
12
(46%)
23%
(4–56%)
5. Substance Abstainers and Behavioural Risk Indicators No substance use and engagement in the majority of behavioural risk indicators measured. 16
(13%)
13
(50%)
28%
(6–53%)
6. Complex Configurations May or may not be substance use and where there is no clear majority in terms of the behavioral risk indicators. 23
(19%)
11
(42%)
23%
(3–52%)
7. Overall Unhealthy Substance use and engagement in the majority of measured behavioral risk indicators. 29
(24%)
18
(69%)
10%
(2–24%)
8. Overall Healthy No substance use and no engagement in the majority of behavioural risk indicators measured. 33
(27%)
18
(69%)
32%
(4–85%)
Total (other studies)   123 26  
Total (all studies)   198 41
  1. aOnly the 15 studies that did not measure any of the non-substance use behavioural risk indicators of interest contribute clusters to archetypes 1–3 whereas only the 26 studies that measured both substance use and other behavioural risk indicators contributed to archetypes 4–8. As such, these values reflect the number of studies that that feasibly could have contributed clusters to each archetypes
\