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Table 1 Supplementary characteristics (weighted) of cannabis use among middle and older aged males and females who have consumed cannabis over the past-year, based on the 2017 Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey

From: Cannabis use and patterns among middle and older aged Canadians prior to legalization: a sex-specific analysis of the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey

  Middle and Older Aged Males
% (N)
Middle and Older Aged Females
% (N)
Frequency of cannabis use (past 3 months)
 Less than monthly 27.1 (205,294) 21.1 (114,796)
 Monthly 7.7 (58,193) 14.1 (76,716
 Weekly 19.8 (150,466) 15.5 (84,189)
 Daily or almost daily 25.5 (193,575) 30.9 (167,851)
 Not in the past 3 months 19.9 (7,976,914) 18.4 (8,806,401)
Self-reported cannabis used for medical purposes
 Yes 39.1 (301,447) 56.0 (307,751)
 No 60.9 (469,543) 44.0 (241,833)
Main self-reported medical conditions cannabis is used for
 Chronic Pain (arthritis, back pain, migraines) 63.5 (191,382) 52.2 (160,644)
 Depression 1.9 (5754) 2.1 (6509)
 Multiple Sclerosis/Spinal Cord Injury 1.7 (5094) 8.6 (26,478)
 Anxiety/Nerves 7.4 (22,191) 3.9 (12,126)
 Insomnia 10.1 (30,565) 21.6 (66,536)
 Other 15.4 (46,461) 11.5 (35,285)
Where cannabis is obtained
 Grow my own 11.2 (80,975) 4.0 (21,118)
 Someone grows it for me (medical or recreational) 2.2 (15,992) 1.1 (5889)
 Shared around a group of friends 11.4 (82,593) 3.4 (18,346)
 From family members 39.6 (286,431) 49.3 (262,171)
 From someone else I know 6.6 (47,592) 6.5 (34,474)
 From a dealer (unlicensed) 8.5 (61,623) 5.2 (27,631)
 From a licenced medical dealer 2.9 (21,128) 10.1 (53,880)
 From a dispensary/compassion club 12.6 (91,271) 14.8 (78,975)
 Online 0.5 (3508) 0.7 (3898)
 Other 4.4 (31,481) 4.8 (25,505)
How cannabis is consumed
 Smoked a joint, bong, pipe or blunt
  Yes 89.0 (674,682) 74.3 (404,888)
  No 11.0 (83,645) 25.7 (140,164)
 Mixed with Tobacco (also known as spliff)
  Yes 19.5 (148,241) 13.9 (75,306)
  No 80.5 (610,085) 86.1 (464,834)
 Eaten in foods (ex. brownies, cake, cookies or candy)
  Yes 33.1 (250,761) 45.0 (245,161)
  No 66.9 (507,566) 55.0 (299,891)
 Drank in tea, cola, alcohol or other drinks
  Yes 6.0 (45,226) 3.1 (16,816)
  No 94.0 (713,101) 96.9 (528,236)
 Vaporized with a vaporiser, vape pen or e-cigarette
 Yes 22.4 (170,205) 28.8 (157,137)
 No 77.6 (588,122) 71.2 (387,915)
 Dabbed
 Yes 8.7 (66,045) 4.3 (23,188)
 No 91.3 (690,708) 95.7 (521,863)
Tried and failed to reduce/stop cannabis use (past 3 months)
 Yes 61.9 (31,005) 11.6 (284)
 No 38.1 (19,110) 88.4 (2156)
Mean age at first use
  21.04 24.28