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Table 3 Time wise differences of relative concentration index of at least four ANC, institutional delivery and CS delivery by province

From: Trends in national and subnational wealth related inequalities in use of maternal health care services in Nepal: an analysis using demographic and health surveys (2001–2016)

  Relative concentration index in 2001 Difference between 2001 and 2006 Difference between 2006 and 2011 Difference between 2011 and 2016
At least four ANC
National 0.46 −0.136** − 0.103*** −0.135***
  Province one 0.40 −0.087 −0.117** − 0.136***
  Province two 0.28 0.008 −0.067 −0.134*
  Bagmati Province 0.58 −0.255** −0.061 − 0.166***
  Gandaki Province 0.20 0.058 0.036 −0.169***
  Lumbini Province 0.43 −0.106 −0.105* − 0.171***
  Karnali Province 0.13 0.121 −0.038 −0.017
  Sudurpaschim Province 0.45 −0.122 −0.186*** − 0.094**
Institutional delivery
National 0.56 −0.077 −0.132*** − 0.163***
  Province one 0.53 −0.049 −0.151* − 0.112**
  Province two 0.49 −0.130 −0.150 − 0.076
  Bagmati Province 0.63 −0.177 −0.022 − 0.220**
  Gandaki Province 0.40 0.081 −0.138 −0.127***
  Lumbini Province 0.56 −0.102 −0.130 − 0.177***
  Karnali Province 0.37 −0.138 0.065 0.018
  Sudurpaschim Province 0.52 −0.138 −0.035 − 0.226***
CS delivery
National 0.62 0.001 −0.079 −0.099
  Province one 0.63 −0.003 −0.217 − 0.024
  Province two 0.40 0.217 −0.459 −0.085
  Bagmati Province 0.64 0.023 0.041 −0.187
  Gandaki Province 0.48 −0.627 0.757 −0.289
  Lumbini Province 0.36 0.323 −0.097 −0.095
  Karnali Province 0.193 −0.101
  Sudurpaschim Province 0.83 −0.449 0.165 −0.131
  1. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01,*p < 0.05
  2. Note: The * are based on the p values for the test of significance of difference between the concentration index between two consecutive years