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Table 1 Respondent characteristics

From: Perception survey of crisis and emergency risk communication in an acute hospital in the management of COVID-19 pandemic in Singapore

Characteristics Participants (n = 1154)a
Age in years (Mean(SD)) 37.71 (11.46)
Years in SGH (Mean(SD)) 12.37 (10.25)
Gender (N(%))
 Female 973 (84.3)
 Male 180 (15.6)
Nationality (N(%))
 Singaporean or Permanent Resident 1018 (88.2)
 Malaysian 22 (1.9)
 Filipino 63 (5.5)
 Indian 25 (2.2)
 Chinese 13 (1.1)
 Myanmar 12 (1.0)
 Others (e.g., Bangladeshi, Vietnamese, Irish) 1.0 (1.1)
Marital status (N(%))
 Single 475 (41.2)
 Married 619 (53.6)
 Separated or Divorced 27 (2.3)
 Widowed 10 (0.9)
Occupation(N(%))
 Doctor 22 (1.9)
 Nurse 627 (54.3)
 Allied Health Professional 206 (17.9)
 Administrative staff member 118 (10.2)
 Ancillary support staff member - SGH employees 13 (1.1)
 Ancillary support staff member –External staff contracted to work in SGH 167 (14.5)
Supervisory role (N(%))
 No 834 (72.3)
 Yes 319 (27.6)
 Sources of information and updates on the management of COVID-19 in SGH (N(%))  
 SingHealth Staff Advisory 466 (40.4)
 SGH Senior Management Updates, guidelines and instructions 895 (77.6)
 Social media (e.g., SGH Facebook Workplace Group)  
 Supervisor 399 (34.6)
 SGH Middle Management (e.g., HOD, Divisional Directors) 718 (62.2)
 Department emails 396 (34.3)
 Colleagues and peers (e.g., chat groups, exchanges) 722(62.6)
 Others (e.g., gov.sg WhatsApp, MOH website, CNA, news media, friends) 487 (42.2)35 (3.0)
Direct contact with patients (N(%))
 No 300 (26.0)
 Yes 853 (73.9)
Primary work location since start of COVID-19 outbreak (N(%))
 Emergency Department 33 (2.9)
 Inpatient - Isolation wards 33 (2.9)
 Inpatient - Other clinical area(s) 552 (47.8)
 Outpatient 266 (23.1)
 Non-clinical area(s) (no patient contact) 268 (23.2)
Direct involvement in treating patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 (N(%))
 No 1006 (87.2)
 Yes 147 (12.7)
  1. aBecause of missing data, denominators do not all equal 1154