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Table 1 Characteristics of women 5–49 years of Age in 2005, 2010 and 2015 Cycles of Demographic Health Surveys

From: Intersection of HIV and Anemia in women of reproductive age: a 10-year analysis of three Zimbabwe demographic health surveys, 2005–2015

Characteristic 2005 (N = 7634) 2010 (N = 8169) 2015 (N = 9235)
Age (years), Mean (95% CI) 27.6 (27.4–27.8) 28.2 (28.0–28.4)) 28.5 (28.3–28.7)
Age: n; %(se)
 15–19 1840; 24.1 (0.57) 1723; 21.0 (0.50) 2061; 22.3 (0.53)
 20–24 1646; 21.6 (0.49) 1647; 20.2 (0.48) 1578; 17.1 (0.42)
 25–29 1263; 16.5 (0.46) 1516; 18.6 (0.49) 1546; 16.7 (0.46)
 30–34 1054; 13.8 (0.50) 1141; 14.0 (0.42) 1499; 16.2 (0.48)
 35–39 718; 9.4 (0.44) 932; 11.4 (0.40) 1126; 12.2 (0.42)
 40–44 593; 7.8 (0.34) 659; 8.1 (0.30) 896; 9.7 (0.34)
 45–49 521; 6.8 (0.33) 552; 6.8 (0.31) 529; 5.7 (0.25)
HIV Status: n; %(se)
 Positive 1556; 20.4 (0.74) 1402; 17.2 (0.54) 1504; 16.3 (0.56)
 Negative 5871; 76.9 (0.73) 6491; 79.5 (0.61) 7505; 81.3 (0.58)
BMI (kg/m2), mean (95% CI) 24.1 (23.8–24.5) 23.9 (23.7–24.0) 24.4 (24.2–24.5)
BMI level, n; %(se)
 < 18 424; 5.6 (0.35) 334; 4.1 (0.24) 322; 3.5 (0.22)
 18- < 25 5230; 68.5 (0.71) 5225; 64.0 (0.61) 5613; 60.8 (0.71)
 25- < 30 1331; 17.4 (0.63) 1761; 21.6 (0.52) 2154; 23.3 (0.52)
 > =30 639; 8.4 (0.41) 833; 10.2 (0.43) 1117; 12.1 (0.46)
Hemoglobin (g/dL), mean(95% CI) 12.5 (12.4–12.7) 12.7 (12.6–12.8) 12.7 (12.6–12.8)
Anemia, n; %(se) 2882; 37.8 (0.96) 2305; 28.2 (0.65) 2474; 27.8 (0.64)
Anemia level, n; %(se)
 Severe 79; 1.0 (0.14) 55; 0.7 (0.11) 51; 0.6 (0.08)
 Moderate 717; 9.4 (0.56) 587; 7.2 (0.34) 565; 6.1 (0.36)
 Mild 2086; 27.3 (0.65) 1663; 20.4 (0.55) 1859; 20.1 (0.51)
 No Anemia 4752; 62.3 (0.96) 5865; 71.8 (0.65) 6761; 73.2 (0.64)
Wealth Index, mean(95%CI) 3.15 (3.00–3.29) 3.17 (3.09–3.26) 3.20 (3.12–3.28)
Wealth Index Quintile, n; %(se)
 Poorest 1412; 18.5 (1.90) 1422; 17.4 (0.91) 1596; 17.3 (1.02)
 Poorer 1347; 17.7 (0.90) 1448; 17.7 (0.72) 1589; 17.2 (0.72)
 Middle 1398; 18.3 (1.20) 1540; 18.9 (1.03) 1662; 18.0 (0.85)
 Richer 1666; 21.8 (1.25) 1801; 22.0 (0.91) 2141; 23.2 (1.25)
 Richest 1812; 23.7 (1.68) 1959; 24.0 (1.42) 2248; 24.3 (1.36)
Pregnant/breast-feeding, n; %(se) 2016; 26.4 (0.84) 2382; 29.2 (0.75) 2215; 24.0 (0.60)
Iron in pregnancy, n; %(se) 1560; 20.4 (0.67) 2007; 24.6 (0.59) 3988; 43.2 (0.83)
Rural/Urban Location, n; %(se)
 Rural 4872; 63.8 (2.34) 5173; 63.3 (1.14) 5770; 62.5 (1.14)
 Urban 2762; 36.2 (2.34) 2996; 36.7 (1.14) 3465; 37.5 (1.14)
Province, n; %(se)
 Manicaland 877; 11.5 (0.86) 1092; 13.4 (0.66) 1151; 12.5 (0.56)
 Mash Central 652; 8.5 (1.61) 796; 9.8 (0.60) 848; 9.2 (0.46)
 Mashonaland East 657; 8.6 (0.58) 757; 9.3 (0.72) 867; 9.4 (0.55)
 Mashonaland West 696; 9.1 (0.80) 923; 11.3 (0.85) 1073; 11.6 (0.72)
 Matabeleland North 470; 6.2 (0.60) 406; 5.0 (0.41) 452; 4.9 (0.25)
 Matabeleland South 367; 4.8 (0.45) 429; 5.3 (0.36) 400; 4.3 (0.19)
 Midlands 1127; 14.8 (0.97) 1033; 12.7 (0.79) 1177; 12.8 (1.01)
 Masvingo 1046; 13.7 (2.36) 824; 10.1 (0.60) 1125; 12.2 (0.75)
 Harare 1175; 15.4 (1.03) 1482; 18.1 (1.04) 1597; 17.3 (0.99)
 Bulawayo 567; 7.4 (0.56) 428; 5.2 (0.31) 545; 5.9 (0.30)