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Table 3 Binary logistic regression of sociodemographic characteristics, health status, and lifestyle behavior of older persons (N = 1460)

From: Influence of healthy lifestyle behaviors on life satisfaction in the aging population of Thailand: a national population-based survey

Variables Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
(95% CI) P-value (95% CI) P-value
Sex (Reference group = Male)
Female 1.004 (0.789–1.276) 0.997 1.512 (1.034–2.212) 0.033
Age (years) (Reference group = 60–69)
70–79 1.815 (1.368–2.408) 0.000 2.082 (1.543–2.808) 0.000
80 or over 1.536 (0.913–2.583) 0.106 1.886 (1.088–3.268) 0.024
Marital status (Reference group = Single)
Married 2.287 (1.336–3.916) 0.003 2.554 (1.414–4.613) 0.002
Widowed/divorced/separated 2.189 (1.241–3.858) 0.007 2.152 (1.165–3.976) 0.014
Education attainment (Reference group = No formal education)
Primary school 1.519 (0.883–2.616) 0.131 1.846 (1.043–3.264) 0.035
Secondary/high school 1.411 (0.753–2.643) 0.282 1.485 (0.759–2.905) 0.248
Bachelor’s or higher 3.062 (1.193–7.860) 0.020 3.918 (1.457–10.533) 0.007
Place of residence (Reference group = Rural)
Urban 1.176 (0.921–1.503) 0.194 1.165 (0.900–1.509) 0.246
Denture-wearing (Reference group = No)
Yes 1.264 (0.952–1.679) 0.105 1.237 (0.920–1.662) 0.159
Smoking (Reference group = Current smoker)
Ex-smoker 1.045 (0.698–1.563) 0.832 1.020 (0.665–1.565) 0.927
Never-smoker 0.928 (0.657–1.311) 0.672 0.745 (0.470–1.183) 0.212
Alcohol drinking (Reference group = Current drinker)
Ex-drinker 0.934 (0.662–1.316) 0.695 0.930 (0.647–1.337) 0.695
Never-drinker 0.954 (0.695–1.311) 0.772 0.949 (0.652–1.382) 0.786
Exercise (Reference group = No)
Yes 1.648 (1.290–2.105) 0.000 1.662 (1.284–2.151)*** 0.000
FV intake (Reference group = Less than 400 g)
400 g or above 1.358 (1.042–1.770) 0.023 1.309 (0.994–1.723) 0.056
Chronic Disease (Reference group= > 2 diseases)
2 diseases 1.709 (1.082–2.702) 0.022 1.546 (0.956–2.500) 0.075
1 disease 2.015 (1.304–3.115) 0.002 1.933 (1.219–3.065) 0.005
No 2.114 (1.356–3.294) 0.001 2.269 (1.411–3.650) 0.001
  1. Cox and Snell R2 (for adjusted model) = 0.053, and for each independent variable (for unadjusted model): sex = 0.000, age = 0.013, marital status = 0.006, education attainment = 0.004, place of residence = 0.001, denture-wearing = 0.002, smoking = 0.000, alcohol drinking = 0.000, exercise = 0.011, FV intake = 0.004, and chronic disease = 0.008