Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariable and multivariable analyses of risk factors associated with soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in the participants

From: Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infections and associated risk factors among elderly individuals living in rural areas of southern Thailand

Variables Positive No. (%) Negative No. (%) Total n = 439 COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI) P-value
Sex
 Male 30 (20.8) 114 (79.2) 144 (32.8) 1.72 (1.02–2.92) 0.041* 1.85 (1.07–3.19) 0.027*
 Female 9 (13.2) 56 (86.8) 295 (67.2)     
Age in years
 60–69 35 (14.5) 206 (85.5) 241 (54.9)     
 70–79 23 (15.2) 128 (84.8) 151 (34.4) 0.56 (0.26–1.19) 0.132 1.05 (0.58–1.90) 0.881
  > 80 11 (23.4) 36 (76.6) 47 (10.7) 0.59 (0.26–1.32) 0.198 2.01 (0.91–4.46) 0.885
Monthly family income (Thai baht)
  < 10,000 35 (13.7) 155 (82.9) 256 (57.3) 0.69 (0.41–1.16) 0.165 0.83 (0.05–1.44) 0.511
  ≥ 10,001 34 (18.6) 215 (85.3) 183 (41.7)     
Occupation
 Agriculturist 32 (17.1) 155 (82.9) 187 (42.6) 1.20 (0.72–2.01) 0.490   
 Nonagriculturist 37 (14.7) 215 (85.3) 252 (57.4)     
Wearing shoes when outside
 No 24 (17.8) 111 (82.2) 135 (30.2) 1.24 (0.72–2.14) 0.430   
 Yes 45 (14.8) 259 (85.2) 304 (69.2)     
Wearing boots when tapping rubber/gardening
 No 27 (16.1) 141 (83.9) 168 (38.3) 0.96 (0.57–1.62) 0.873   
 Yes 42 (15.5) 229 (84.5) 271 (61.7)     
Fresh vegetable consumption
 No 31 (16.9) 152 (83.1) 183 (41.7)     
 Yes 38 (14.8) 218 (85.2) 256 (58.3) 0.86 (0.51–1.43) 0.552   
Washing vegetables before eating
 No 21 (31.8) 45 (68.2) 66 (15) 3.16 (1.73–5.76) < 0.001* 3.19 (1.70–6.00) < 0.001*
 Yes 48 (12.9) 325 (87.1) 373 (85)     
Handwashing before eating
 No 11 (16.2) 57 (83.8) 68 (15.5) 1.01 (0.52–2.11) 0.910   
Yes 58 (15.6) 313 (84.4) 371 (84.5)     
Handwashing after defecation
 No 4 (26.7) 11 (73.3) 15 (3.4) 2.01 (0.62–6.50) 0.245   
 Yes 65 (15.3) 359 (84.7) 424 (96.6)     
Handwashing after contact with soil
 No 6 (15.4) 33 (84.6) 39 (8.9) 0.97 (0.39–2.42) 0.952   
 Yes 63 (15.8) 337 (84.3) 400 (91.1)     
Defecating in an open field
 No 60 (14.8) 346 (85.2) 406 (92.7) 2.16 (0.96–4.88) 0.063 2.65 (1.14–6.15) 0.023*
 Yes 9 (27.3) 24 (72.7) 33 (7.5)     
  1. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05