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Table 5 Stratified analysis on the association of social trust with cardiovascular disease according to lifestyle behaviors among those who underwent health examinations

From: Association between social trust and the risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults in Korea: a nationwide retrospective cohort study

  Adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) p for trend
Social trust, quintiles
1st (lowest) 2nd 3rd 4th 5th (highest)
Smoking
 Never smoker 1.00 (reference) 0.92 (0.89–0.95) 0.95 (0.92–0.98) 0.93 (0.89–0.96) 0.89 (0.86–0.93) < 0.001
 Past or current smoker 1.00 (reference) 0.95 (0.91–0.99) 0.99 (0.95–1.03) 0.96 (0.92–1.01) 0.91 (0.87–0.96) 0.004
Alcohol intake
 No 1.00 (reference) 0.92 (0.89–0.96) 0.96 (0.93–0.99) 0.93 (0.90–0.97) 0.90 (0.87–0.94) < 0.001
 Yes 1.00 (reference) 0.95 (0.91–0.99) 0.97 (0.93–1.02) 0.96 (0.91–1.00) 0.90 (0.86–0.95) 0.002
Physical activity
 No 1.00 (reference) 0.93 (0.90–0.96) 0.97 (0.93–1.00) 0.92 (0.89–0.96) 0.90 (0.87–0.94) < 0.001
 Yes 1.00 (reference) 0.94 (0.90–0.99) 0.97 (0.92–1.01) 0.97 (0.93–1.01) 0.90 (0.86–0.95) 0.003
  1. Adjusted hazard ratios calculated by Cox proportional hazards regression after adjustments for age, sex, area of residence, household income, Charlson comorbidity index, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, fasting serum glucose, and total cholesterol
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