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Table 3 Mothers’ knowledge of deworming in preschool children in Abakpa-Nike, Enugu Nigeria 2020

From: Perception and attitudinal factors contributing to periodic deworming of preschool children in an urban slum, Nigeria

Knowledge of periodic deworming Total (%) Periodic deworming of Index child P-value
Yes No
Are you familiar with periodic deworming in preschool children? N = 433
 – Yes 423 (97.7%) 182 (100.0%) 241 (96.0%) 0.006
 – No 10 (2.3%) 0 (0.0%) 10 (4.0%)  
How did you know about periodic deworming in preschool children? a N = 423
 – During visits to the hospital or health center 384 (90.8%) 162 (89.0%) 222 (92.1%) 0.310
 – Discussions with Family and friends 262 (61.9%) 70 (38.5%) 101 (41.9%) 0.485
 – Health talks on TV/Radio 208 (49.2%) 76 (41.8%) 132 (54.8%) 0.011
 – Lectures in school 176 (41.6%) 66 (36.3%) 110 (45.6%) 0.059
 – Health talk in church/mosque 41 (9.7%) 15 (8.2%) 26 (10.8%) 0.411
 – Social media (Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Instagram) 25 (5.9%) 12 (6.6%) 13 (5.4%) 0.679
 – Others (Women’ meeting = 5, In a travelling bus = 3) 8 (1.9%) 6 (3.3%) 2 (0.8%) 0.080
What drugs are used for periodic deworming in preschool children? a N = 423
 – Albendazole (Zolat®, Zeben®, Avis®, Wormplan®) 246 (58.2%) 117 (64.3%) 129 (53.5%) 0.029
 – Mebendazole (Wormin 100®) 216 (51.1%) 102 (56.0%) 114 (47.3%) 0.078
 – Pyrantel (Combantrin®, Ascatrin®, Combiworm®) 244 (57.7%) 87 (47.8%) 157 (65.2%) 0.001
 – Others (Flagyl = 5, Antibiotics = 2, Blood tonics = 6) 13 (3.1%) 7 (3.8%) 6 (2.4%) 0.571
 – I have no idea (Doctor, Nurse or PPMV gives me drugs) 111 (26.2%) 50 (27.5%) 61 (25.3%) 0656
How often should preschool children be dewormed? N = 423
 – Every 2–3 months 1 44 (10.4%) 24 (13.2%) 20 (8.3%) 0.000 1,2
 – Every 4–6 months 1 328 (77.5%) 150 (82.4%) 178 (73.9%)  
 – Every 1–2 years 2 40 (9.7%) 7 (3.8%) 33 (13.7%)  
 – Only when my child has symptoms 2 2 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (0.8%)  
 – I have no idea 2 9 (2.1%) 1 (0.6%) 8 (3.3%)  
Where did you obtain the last deworming treatment? N = 363 b
 – Public Hospital/PHC 219 (60.3%) 98 (53.8%) 121 (66.9%) 0.002
 – Private hospital/clinic 35 (9.6%) 20 (11.0%) 15 (8.3%)  
 – Patent and Proprietary Medicine vendors (Chemist store) 103 (28.4%) 64 (35.2%) 39 (21.5%)  
 – Others (Church-based deworming campaign, n = 6) 6 (1.7%) 0 (0.0%) 6 (3.3%)  
 – I have never dewormed my preschool child b 70 b    
  1. aMore than one answer may apply – as mothers were asked to affirm all the options that apply to them
  2. bMothers who have never dewormed their preschool children (n = 70) were excluded from this Chi-Square statistics
  3. 1These responses: every 1–2 months and every 3–6 months, were aggregated for Chi-Square statistics
  4. 2These responses: every 1–2 years, only when my child has symptoms, & I have no idea, were aggregated for Chi-Square Statistics
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