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Table 3 Knowledge of risk factors for CVDs

From: Public knowledge of risk factors and warning signs for cardiovascular disease among young and middle-aged adults in rural Tanzania

  Number (%)
Spontaneous mention of risk factors for CVDs (Open-ended questions)
 Old age 82 (2.7)
 Obesity 277 (9.2)
 Hypertension 73 (2.4)
 Diabetes mellitus 51 (1.7)
 Cholesterol 556 (18.5)
 Smoking 17 (0.6)
 Alcohol drinking 34 (1.1)
 Physical inactivity 241 (8.0)
 Family history of stroke 7 (0.2)
 Stress 1073 (35.8)
Number of risk factors mentioned (out of 10)
 None 1574 (52.4)
 1–4 1415 (47.2)
 5–9 11 (0.4)
Selecting risk factors for CVDs from a list (Close-ended questions)
 Old age 1061 (35.4)
 Obesity 2031 (67.7)
 Hypertension 1098 (36.6)
 Diabetes mellitus 1141 (38.0)
 Cholesterol 1928 (64.3)
 Smoking 794 (26.5)
 Alcohol drinking 765 (25.5)
 Physical inactivity 1899 (63.3)
 Family history of stroke 552 (18.4)
 Stress 2561 (85.4)
Number of risk factors identified (out of 10)
 None 207 (6.9)
 1–4 1251 (41.7)
 5–9 1542 (51.4)