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Table 5 Factors associated with protective behaviors

From: The impacts of knowledge, risk perception, emotion and information on citizens’ protective behaviors during the outbreak of COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in China

Predictor Number (%) of respondents with a summed average behavior score > 3 Unadjusted Adjusted
OR p OR 95% Confidence Interval p
Gender
 Male (Reference) 802 (67.5)       
 Female 1219 (73.6) 1.34 < 0.001 1.21 1.00 1.44 0.040
Age (years)    0.001     0.009
  < 25 (Reference) 811 (67.4)       
 25–40 901 (73.1) 1.32 0.002 1.31 1.01 1.69 0.040
  > 40 30 (75.7) 1.51 0.002 1.79 1.25 2.58 0.002
Education      
  < University (Reference) 1424 (72.4)       
 University 597 (67.9) 1.24 0.014 1.11 0.91 1.35 0.298
Marital status
 Not married (Reference) 1043 (67.9)       
 Married 978 (74.7) 1.39 < 0.001 1.03 0.79 1.34 0.832
Area
 Other region (Reference) 1368 (70.9)       
 High-risk area 653 (71.4) 1.02 0.790 1.03 0.85 1.25 0.756
Knowledge
 Lower level (Reference) 1232 (66.1)       
 High level 789 (80.3) 2.09 < 0.001 1.77 1.46 2.15 < 0.001
Perceived susceptibility
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 1417 (70.3)       
  > 3 (High) 604 (72.8) 1.13 0.191 1.01 0.73 1.38 0.966
Perceived severity
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 78 (48.8)       
  > 3 (High) 1943 (72.4) 2.75 < 0.001 1.90 1.54 2.34 < 0.001
Perceived controllability
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 851 (71.5)       
  > 3 (High) 1170 (70.7) 0.96 0.635 1.03 0.85 1.24 0.769
Negative emotion
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 379 (62.2)       
  > 3 (High) 1642 (73.4) 1.68 < 0.001 1.36 1.10 1.68 0.005
Self-reported health
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 451 (58.6)       
  > 3 (Good) 1570 (75.6) 2.19 < 0.001 1.94 1.61 2.34 < 0.001
Information attention
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 32 (20.5)       
  > 3 (High) 1989 (74.0) 3.69 < 0.001 4.16 2.74 6.32 < 0.001
Trust in official media
  ≤ 3 (Reference) 162 (49.7)       
  > 3 (High) 1859 (73.8) 2.85 < 0.001 1.97 1.52 2.56 < 0.001
  1. Note:Unadjusted OR was based on unary logistic regression, then incorporate all variables into the model to produce adjusted results