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Table 4 Trip counts and expenditures by shopping trip patterns (cluster)

From: Beyond the supermarket: analyzing household shopping trip patterns that include food at home and away from home retailers

Mean
(LSE)
Total Population Superstore (SS) Supermarket (SM) Mix Weighted
t-tests
SS vs SM SS + SM vs Mix
Trip Counts
 Total 8.34(0.14) 5.32(0.26) 5.41 (0.23) 10.01 (0.16)   
 FAH 3.28 (0.05) 3.36 (0.14) 3.54 (0.13) 3.19 (0.06)   
 FAFH 5.05 (0.14) 1.96 (0.15) 1.87 (0.12) 6.82 (0.17)   
Trip Count Percentages
 FAH (%) 49.84 (0.86) 72.03 (1.32) 72.96 (1.16) 37.08 (0.76)   
 FAFH (%) 50.16 (0.86) 27.97 (1.32) 27.04 (1.16) 62.92 (0.76)   
Expenditures
 Total 173.06 (3.91) 139.19 (7.81) 140.30 (7.01) 191.65 (5.33)   ***
 FAH (%) 68.80 (0.60) 86.17 (0.80) 82.98 (1.18) 60.06 (0.71) * ***
 FAFH (%) 31.20 (0.60) 13.83 (0.80) 17.02 (1.18) 39.94 (0.71) * ***
  1. Expenditures are measured for a week and reported in U.S. dollars
  2. Mix Cluster in which no single retailer type dominated shopping trip patterns
  3. FAH Food at home
  4. FAFH Food away from home
  5. LSE Linearized standard errors
  6. * = p < 0.05 ** = p < 0.01 *** = p < 0.001