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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable analysis examining association between male attendance and explanatory variables (n = 128)

From: Social determinants of male partner attendance in women’s prevention-of mother-to-child transmission program in Malawi

  Crude OR Adjusted OR
Estimate (95% CI) Estimate (95% CI)
Socio-demographic variables
Age (years) 0.97 (0.91–1.03) 0.97 (0.89–1.04)
Education
 No education/primary 1 1
 Secondary/Pre-University 0.92 (0.44–1.91) 0.87 (0.38–1.97)
Employment
 Employed 1 1
 Unemployed 0.36 (0.16–0.84) 0.32 (0.11–0.82)
Owning a means of transport
 No 1 1
 Yes 0.21 (0.07–0.64) 0.23 (0.07–0.77)
Travel time to the facility (minutes)
 0–89 1  
  > 89 2.28 (0.93–5.55)  
Electricity available in the dwelling
 No 1  
 Yes 0.60 (0.29–1.24)  
Means of transport
 Minibus, motorbike, car 1  
 Bike, by foot, other 0.67 (0.19–2.34)  
Knowledge, attitude and practice toward HIV
Level of Knowledge
 Low 1 1
 High 2.17 (1.03–4.58) 2.31 (0.91–5.88)
Level of Attitude
 Negative 1 1
 Positive 1.59 (0.76–3.30) 1.02 (0.40–2.57)
Level of Practice
 Risky 1 1
 Safe 1.08 (0.52–2.23) 1.01 (0.45–2.29)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval