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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the 582 patients diagnosed with cirrhosis. Marital and employment status

From: Socioeconomic and marital status among liver cirrhosis patients and associations with mortality: a population-based cohort study in Sweden

  Marital status, n (%) P-value Employment status, n (%) P-value Total, n (%)
  Married
339 (58)
Never married
141 (24)
Prev. married
102 (18)
< 0.0001 Employed
171 (29)
Pensioner
273 (47)
Disability retired
93 (16)
Unemployed
45 (8)
< 0.0001 582 (100)
Male 213 (63) 100 (71) 55 (54) 0.025 118 (69) 165 (60) 54 (58) 31 (69) 0.168 368 (63)
Female 126 (37) 41 (29) 47 (46) 0.025 53 (31) 108 (40) 49 (42) 14 (31) 0.168 214 (37)
Median age 65 64 71 < 0.0001 49 72 63 55 < 0.0001 66
(10–90 percentile) (51–80) (48–81) (55–86)   (46–69) (66–84) (51–77) (39–62)   (50–81)
Aetiologies
 Alcohol 176 (52) 73 (52) 46 (45) 0.083 96 (56) 130 (48) 47 (51) 22 (49) < 0.0001 295 (51)
 Cryptogenic 50 (15) 17 (12) 16 (16) 0.083 9 (5) 66 (24) 8 (9) 0 (0) < 0.0001 83 (14)
 Hepatitis C 36 (11) 30 (21) 14 (14) 0.083 31 (18) 7 (3) 24 (26) 18 (40) < 0.0001 80 (14)
 PBC 21 (6) 2 (1) 8 (8) 0.083 11 (6) 16 (6) 4 (4) 0 (0) < 0.0001 31 (5)
 NAFLD 16 (5) 9 (6) 4 (4) 0.083 5 (3) 18 (7) 6 (6) 0 (0) < 0.0001 29 (5)
 AIH 18 (5) 5 (4) 7 (7) 0.083 8 (5) 20 (7) 1 (1) 1 (2) < 0.0001 30 (5)
 Other causes 22 (6) 5 (4) 7 (7) 0.083 11 (6) 16 (6) 3 (3) 4 (9) < 0.0001 34 (6)
Comorbidities
 Arterial hypertension 123 (36) 36 (26) 29 (28) 0.047 57 (33) 90 (33) 35 (38) 6 (13) 0.033 188 (32)
 CAD 59 (17) 22 (16) 24 (24) 0.254 17 (10) 61 (22) 26 (28) 1 (2) < 0.0001 105 (18)
 Diabetes mellitus 109 (32) 28 (20) 30 (29) 0.025 48 (28) 83 (30) 30 (32) 6 (13) 0.103 167 (29)
 Obesitya 81 (24) 37 (26) 16 (16) 0.010 46 (27) 55 (20) 23 (25) 10 (22) 0.473 134 (23)
Severityb
 MELD (median) 11 13 10 0.161 10 11 12 13 0.156 11
 < 10 121 (36) 47 (33) 44 (43) 0.041 80 (47) 88 (32) 31 (33) 13 (29) 0.050 212 (36)
 10–14 93 (27) 29 (21) 17 (17) 0.041 31 (18) 73 (27) 24 (26) 11 (24) 0.050 139 (24)
 ≥ 15 108 (32) 61 (43) 36 (35) 0.041 57 (33) 90 (33) 37 (40) 21 (47) 0.050 205 (35)
Child-Pugh class
 A 134 (40) 42 (30) 34 (33) 0.172 82 (48) 80 (29) 37 (40) 11 (24) 0.001 210 (36)
 B 125 (37) 58 (41) 41 (40) 0.172 46 (27) 121 (44) 36 (39) 21 (47) 0.001 224 (38)
 C 62 (18) 37 (26) 22 (22) 0.172 40 (23) 49 (18) 19 (20) 13 (29) 0.001 121 (21)
Complications
 Ascites 151 (45) 73 (52) 51 (50) 0.292 67 (39) 147 (54) 39 (42) 22 (49) 0.016 275 (47)
 Variceal bleeding 21 (6) 7 (5) 4 (4) 0.643 10 (6) 14 (5) 4 (4) 4 (9) 0.714 32 (6)
 Encephalopathy 18 (5) 15 (11) 10 (10) 0.075 13 (8) 16 (6) 9 (10) 5 (11) 0.463 43 (7)
 HCC 45 (13) 18 (13) 11 (11) 0.803 12 (7) 45 (17) 13 (14) 4 (9) 0.026 74 (13)
  1. AIH Autoimmune hepatitis; CAD Cardiac artery disease; HCC Hepatocellular carcinoma; MELD Model for end-stage liver disease; NAFLD Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; PBC Primary biliary cholangitis. a Obesity defined as body mass index > 29.9 kg/m2, body mass index value calculated for 96.7% of patients. b MELD-score and Child-Pugh class calculated for 95.5% of patients