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Table 1 Demographics at time of moving to a higher or lower poverty neighborhood, for youth attending New York City schools from 2006/2007 through 2016/2017

From: The impact of change in neighborhood poverty on BMI trajectory of 37,544 New York City youth: a longitudinal study

Characteristic Total Sample
(n = 37,544)
Moved to Higher PovertyNeighborhood
(n = 18,370)
Moved to Lower PovertyNeighborhood
(n = 19,174)
P value for difference
Age in years (mean [SD]) 10.42 ± 2.98 10.42 ± 3.02 10.42 ± 2.95 < 0.01
Sex (n [percent])     0.99
 Male 18,929 (50.42) 9463 (50.42) 9466 (50.42)  
 Female 18,615 (49.58) 9306 (49.58) 9310 (49.58)  
Race/ethnicity (n [percent])     0.99
 Asian/Pacific Islander 4822 (12.84) 2408 (12.83) 2414 (12.86)  
 Non-Hispanic black 12,806 (34.11) 6403 (34.11) 6403 (34.10)  
 Hispanic 15,922 (42.41) 7961 (42.42) 7961 (42.40)  
 Native American/Alaskan Indian 158 (0.42) 79 (0.42) 79 (0.42)  
 Non-Hispanic white 3762 (10.02) 1881 (10.02) 1881 (10.02)  
 Other (missing/multiracial) 75 (0.20) 37 (0.20) 37 (0.20)  
Body mass index (mean [SD]) 20.05 ± 4.97 20.05 ± 5.01 20.05 ± 4.93 < 0.01
Body mass Index z-Score (mean [SD]) 0.62 ± 1.18 0.62 ± 1.19 0.62 ± 1.61 0.48
Free/reduced school meals (n [percent])     0.99
 No 2892 (7.70) 1445 (7.70) 1446 (7.70)  
 Yes 34,653 (92.30) 17,324 (92.30) 17,329 (92.30)  
English language learner (n [percent])     0.97
 No 31,611 (84.20) 15,804 (84.20) 15,807 (84.19)  
 Yes 5933 (15.80) 2965 (15.80) 2969 (15.81)  
Obesity     < 0.01
 No 29,649 (78.97) 14,843 (79.09) 14,805 (78.86)  
 Yes 7895 (21.03) 3925 (20.91) 3970 (21.14)