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Table 1 Respondents’ characteristics, information outlets, information perception, social and geographical proximity, anxiety level (N = 4991)

From: Media exposure to COVID-19 information, risk perception, social and geographical proximity, and self-rated anxiety in China

Demographics N %
Gender
 Female 2514 50.4%
Age
 18–30 years 3203 64.2%
 31–40 years 1246 25.0%
 41–50 years 399 8.0%
 51–60 years 126 2.5%
61 years 17 0.3%
Education
 Primary or secondary school 800 16.0%
 Associate degree 1585 31.8%
 College 2356 47.2%
 Graduate degree 250 5.0%
Monthly Income
1000 rmb 929 18.6%
 1001–2000 rmb 361 7.2%
 2001–5000 rmb 1707 34.2%
 5001–8000 rmb 1498 30.0%
 8001–15,000 rmb 411 8.2%
15,001 rmb 85 1.7%
Anxiety Level
 Normal (< 50) 3963 79.4%
 Mild to moderate anxiety levels (50–59) 699 14%
 Moderate to severe levels (60 to 69) 256 5.1%
 Severe anxiety levels (> 70) 73 1.5%
Social Proximity
 Yes 293 5.9%
Geographical Proximity
 Yes 1608 32.2%
Information Outlets
 Television 3033 60.8%
 Radio 442 8.9%
 Newspaper 772 15.5%
 Interpersonal 2114 42.4%
 Wechat 3130 62.7%
 Weibo 1941 38.9%
 tiktok 2246 45%
 Online news website/news app 3926 78.7%
 Search engine 1390 27.9%
Information Perception
 Only a little rumors 560 11.2%
 Some rumors 3254 65.2%
 A lot of rumors 1177 23.6%